Supported Work Types

ORCID allows for the addition of several types of works. Below is a list of the work types that are currently supported, for more information about the categories see CASRAI Output Standard.

Don't see the work type you expected? Join the conversation in our iDeas Forum as we review the work categories and types currently supported in the ORCID Registry.

Publications

Work type Use
book Books written by a single author or collaboratively based on research or scholarly findings generally derived from peer reviewed funding.
book-chapter Texts written by a single author or collaboratively based on research or scholarly findings and expertise in a field.
book-review Critical review of works of fiction or non-fiction highlighting the contributions to an art, field or discipline.
dictionary-entry Entries of new words, new meanings of existing words, changes in spelling and hyphenation over a longer period of time, and grammatical changes.
dissertation Treatise advancing an original point of view resulting from research: a requirement for a doctoral degree.
encyclopedia-entry Authored entries in a reference work or a compendium focusing on a particular domain or on all branches of knowledge.
edited-book Books edited by a single author or collaboratively for the dissemination of research or scholarly findings that generally result from peer reviewed funding.
journal-article Articles in peer-reviewed publications that disseminate the results of original research and scholarship.
journal-issue Periodical publications aimed at fostering intellectual debate and inquiry.
magazine article Articles in thematic publications published at fixed intervals.
manual Course and assignment materials produced for teaching purposes.
online-resource Information accessible only on the web via traditional technical methods
newsletter-article Articles in publications aimed at researchers, decision-makers, professionals and the public that report on a research project or on the activities of a research chair or a research center.
newspaper-article Articles in a daily, weekly or monthly publication reporting on news and social issues aimed at the public.
report Reports disseminating the outcomes and deliverables of a research contract.
research-tool Series of observations, measurements or facts identified from the research.
supervised-student-publication Articles on research findings published jointly with or supervised by the thesis adviser.
test Assessments that include tests designed for general university selection, selection into specific courses or other evaluation purposes.
translation Translations of books and articles that identify modifications to the original edition, such as a new or revised preface.
website Stand-alone locations on the web where multiple types of information on a specific theme are available.
working-paper Preliminary versions of articles that have not undergone review but that may be shared for comment.

 

Conference

Work type Use
conference-abstract Texts of a specified length that states the issue to be discussed in a proposed conference paper.
conference-paper Papers written alone or collaboratively, presented at an academic conference, and published in the proceedings (not in scholarly journals).
conference-poster Posters displayed in a conference setting and conveying research highlights in an efficient manner by compelling graphics.

 

Intellectual property

Work type Use
disclosure Publications that establish inventions as prior art thereby preventing others from patenting the same invention or concept.
license Signed agreements to exploit a piece of IP such as a process, product, data, or software.
patent A form of IP protection that defines the exclusive right by law for inventors and assignees to make use of and exploit their inventions, products or processes, for a limited period of time.
registered-copyright Registered ownership of rights under a system of laws for promoting both the creation of and access to artistic, literary, musical, dramatic and other creative works.

 

Other

Work type Use
artistic-performance Collection of information records that, in combination, represent a full and up-to-date history of artistic or performance outputs resulting from, or related to, the person's research or scholarly activities.
data-set A series of structured observations, measurements or facts identified from the research which can be stored in a database medium.
invention Practical and original outputs arising from research.
lecture-speech Practical and original outputs arising from research.
research-technique A practical methods or skills applied to particular tasks identified as part of the research.
spin-off-company A company set up by a Research Organization to make commercial use of the results and findings of the Research project.
standards-and-policy The development of a rule or principle that is used as a basis for judgement.
technical-standard Technical Standards (industrial or otherwise) that have originated from the research projects in which new protocols, methods or materials may be developed.
other Any other type of work.