This week we are delighted to welcome our five millionth ORCID registrant, a researcher in Hungary -- an important and exciting milestone to reach less than six years after our October 2012 launch! We appreciate your help in keeping these numbers growing, to benefit researchers, your organization, and the wider research community.Milestones
Ensuring that researchers don’t just register for an iD, but that they also use and share it, is critical to achieving our vision. So we are equally excited to announce that we have also recently reached -- or are about to reach* -- a number of other key milestones:
- 30 million works connected to ORCID record
- 20 million works added to records by members
- 2 million records with at least one external ID
- 1.5 million records with at least one education item
- 1 million:
- works auto-updated in ORCID records by Crossref
- records with at least one work
- records with at least one employment item
- person identifiers on ORCID records
- keywords on ORCID records
- 500k records with at least one funding item
- 350k records with at least one other name
- 125k researchers using social or institutional sign in
- 500 systems where researchers can use their iD
- 250 countries where researchers are using ORCID
Integrating ORCID into your organization’s research information system(s) is, of course, an essential part of this. But so, too, is encouraging your researchers to use their iD to connect information to their record, including giving permission to trusted organizations (ORCID members) to read and update their record. This ensures that researcher consent is respected and saves everyone time and hassle, helping to achieve the ORCID mantras of researcher control and enter once, reuse often.
While we interact directly with researchers ourselves, we also rely on our member organizations and other ORCID supporters to help. We know this is a big ask, and that’s why we’ve created all sorts of useful outreach resources.
We also love to share examples of successful ORCID outreach campaigns. Today, we are delighted to feature some great examples from our most recent communication webinars (you can access the full recordings here: Middle East/Africa/Europe/Americas and Asia-Pacific).Example 1: Consortia resources
Several ORCID consortia have put together their own set of localized ORCID resources. Although these are primarily intended for consortium members, they are well worth a look as a great source of inspiration!
- The Royal Society Te Aparangi, which leads the New Zealand consortium, hosts a sharespace of information, resources, example outreach plans and strategy, templates, and more. They’ve also made available sample email communications templates in the user guide for the ORCID NZ Hub, and a Welcome to the NZ ORCID Consortium booklet which gives an overview of resources and how to plan a communications strategy around ORCID.
- The ORCID Germany consortium has set up a hub for their members, with German-language translations of ORCID outreach resources, a plan for setting up your institution’s ORCID information pages, and example user communications from the region.
- The ORCID Australia consortium has a comprehensive set of resources, including these communication and outreach materials and examples.
A number of ORCID members have created their own videos, to walk researchers through how and why to use their iD in the organization’s system(s). Three great examples:
- OpenEdition’s Tutoriel OpenEdition ORCID
- Environmental Molecular Science Laboratory’s Collecting ORCID iDs at EMSL
- Hong Kong Baptist University’s Setting up Your ORCID iD Step by Step in 2 Minutes.
Otago University is a great example of a university using our template communications campaign to develop their own outreach plan, including emails from the Deputy Vice Chancellor of Research & Enterprise, as well as Subject Librarians; the creation of an ORCID at Otago webpage; videos; a competition; giveaways (pens and bookmarks); and pop-up information stalls and posters around the university
More great examples of community outreach campaigns are featured in Six Examples of Creative Promotion of ORCID by Libraries.Share what you are doing
We greatly appreciate the individuals and organizations who help us to share our vision. If you’ve implemented a successful ORCID outreach campaign, please let us know! We’d love to feature it here on the ORCID blog, on social media, on our website, in presentations, or in a future communications webinar.
*Numbers in italics have not yet been reached. We expect to reach them in the next few weeks.Blog
The ORCID community is growing and diversifying in exciting ways, and we want the Board to reflect these dynamics.
The Nominating Committee, which I have the pleasure of chairing this year, will soon be drawing up a slate of new Board members for based on member recommendations. We will take into account sector, region, skills, and non-profit status requirements, to ensure a balanced representation of Board members, as established in the ORCID bylaws. The Board is also looking for individuals who can bring a mix of skills to the organization - technical, financial, non-profit management, research office, data protection, library, data protection/privacy, and more.
Do you or someone you know at an ORCID member organization meet these requirements? Are you passionate about improving the research infrastructure by helping us achieve our vision of a world where all who participate in research, scholarship, and innovation are uniquely identified and connected with their works and affiliations across disciplines, borders, and time? Do you want to get involved with our thriving young global organization?
If so, please be sure to complete this nomination form by close of business on August 1.
More information about the Nominating Committee, the timetable and process, and Board member responsibilities can be found on our About Board Elections page. You’re also welcome to contact us directly with any questions.
We look forward to hearing from you!Blog
As we described in an earlier post, one of our projects this year is to reduce the data entry effort for researchers as they interact with information systems - such as when submitting a paper or applying for funding. We are focusing our work in specific communities, in particular funders and publishers.Kicking off the conversation
Publishing - whether in print or in a conference presentation - is how research findings are disseminated. The publishing community was an early supporter of ORCID: publishers were among the first to incorporate ORCID iDs into their workflows, and they have also played a leadership role in developing best practices for doing so.
We are deepening our engagement with the publishing community through working groups -- including, most recently, one on User Facilities and Publications -- and in-person workshops, such as our recent in-person breakfast meeting at the Society for Scholarly Publishing (SSP) conference in Chicago, which was attended by representatives from over 30 publishers, associations, and service providers. We reviewed how ORCID is incorporated into existing publishing workflows, and also explored how the ORCID Registry and services can enable new workflows, for example, to enable authors to easily connect publications to the funding and research resources that help make the research possible.
Just as a key component of our ORBIT program is working with funders to help them reduce researcher burden in applying for and reporting on grants, so the ORCID for Research Resources effort is enabling researchers to easily share information about the research facilities, collections, and equipment they have used to do their research. Sharing this information via ORCID allows funders and resources a measure of control over how their grant is cited, and it also means that researchers can easily share these citations as they submit manuscripts. At the SSP meeting, we discussed with publishers how to not just collect an ORCID iD from an author, but also to use the ORCID APIs to present data from an author’s ORCID record, and allow the author to select which funding, affiliation, and/or resources are relevant to the paper. These citations would be stored in the paper as additional metadata, and would be available to support seamless, “hands off” post-award reporting, thereby significantly reducing reporting burdens for researchers.How you can get involved
It will take a community to make this vision a reality! The SSP breakfast meeting was just a start, and we invite everyone who is interested in building these workflows to join an ORCID user group for publishing and publishing services organizations. We will be launching this group at a webinar on 28 June, where you can learn more about ORCID in publishing workflows. If you are interested in learning more, but unable to attend, please register anyway -- we will share a recording of the webinar with you and keep you directly informed about future updates.
ORCID in publishing: establishing a user group
- Thursday, June 28 10:30 AM Eastern/14:00 GMT https://register.gotowebinar.com/register/2706672563127129089
We look forward to seeing you there!Blog
Este post foi escrito em co-autoria com Laure Haak, Diretora Executiva da ORCID
A pesquisa brasileira está se tornando mais visível internacionalmente. O número de artigos publicados aumentou substancialmente, com um crescimento médio de 10,7% ao ano, taxa cinco vezes superior à média mundial, levando o país para o top 15 em termos de produtividade em pesquisa. Grande parte desse crescimento pode ser atribuído a políticas e programas governamentais inovadores, que apoiam tanto projetos de pesquisa, quanto a infraestrutura de informação necessária para a colaboração e a disseminação de resultados. Neste artigo descrevemos o lançamento do Consórcio Brasileiro ORCID no contexto da liderança brasileira em pesquisa aberta.
- O Consórcio Brasileiro ORCID
- Iniciativas-chave brasileiras
- Infraestrutura tecnológica
- Objetivo internacional
- O que vem por aí?
- Mais informação
Entre as organizações responsáveis pelo apoio ao crescimento da pesquisa brasileira e sua visibilidade internacional estão os membros fundadores e organizações líderes do Consórcio Brasileiro ORCID, oficialmente lançado em maio, na CAPES: Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior - CAPES, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico - CNPq, Conselho Nacional das Fundações Estaduais de Amparo à Pesquisa - CONFAP, Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia - IBICT, Scientific Electronic Library Online - SciELO e Rede Nacional de Ensino e Pesquisa - RNP. Os eslides do evento de lançamento estão disponíveis na página da CAPES.Iniciativas-chave brasileiras
As organizações no Consórcio ORCID estão todas liderando iniciativas-chave em informação, incluindo:
- Plataformas SciELO e Portal de Periódicos Cape. Nos últimos 15 anos, a comunidade científica brasileira tem acesso à melhor informação científica disponível no Brasil e no mundo, da maneira mais ampla e aberta. Em um país com dimensões continentais e grandes desigualdades, esse amplo acesso ao texto completo é fundamental para a produção de pesquisas de alta qualidade.
- Plataforma Lattes do CNPq. Este foi o primeiro sistema nacional de perfis de pesquisadores, sobre o qual muitos outros foram modelados internacionalmente. Ter um perfil nessa plataforma é obrigatório para todo pesquisador solicitando um subsídio, tornando este banco de dados extremamente completo e uma ferramenta eficaz de colaboração e avaliação.
- Plataforma Sucupira da CAPES. Os Programas de Pós-Graduação desempenham um papel central na produção de pesquisas de alta qualidade no Brasil. A CAPES avalia esses Programas a cada quatro anos por meio de um sistema muito completo de avaliação, incluindo a ferramenta Sucupira, que recebe contribuições dos currículos Lattes do pesquisador.
- Avaliação Qualis da CAPES e Diretrizes do SciELO. Essas duas iniciativas visam melhorar a qualidade dos periódicos brasileiros, através da orientação aos Editores na implementação de melhores práticas e processos de profissionalização, de acordo com padrões internacionais e de ética na publicação científica. Eles também apoiam a avaliação e indexação de periódicos científicos.
- Programa CAPES Ciência sem Fronteiras. A mobilidade e colaboração dos pesquisadores é um fator-chave da pesquisa produzida em todos os países. Esse programa da CAPES possibilitou que a ciência brasileira fosse mais visível do que nunca nos últimos anos. Não só cientistas brasileiros viajaram para outros países graças ao Programa, mas o Brasil tornou-se mais atraente para pesquisadores estrangeiros, e os resultados dessas colaborações poderão ser vistos nas publicações em co-autoria nos próximos anos.
- RNP CAFe. Pesquisadores são formados e treinados em instituições acadêmicas. A CAFe fornece um sistema nacional de gerenciamento de identidade para instituições de ensino e pesquisa, para que os pesquisadores possam acessar os serviços de sua instituição e de outras organizações participantes de onde quer que estejam. Serviços de ensino à distância, acesso a publicações científicas e atividades colaborativas estão entre os maiores beneficiários da infraestrutura oferecida pelas federações.
Subjacente a essas políticas e programas está uma infraestrutura tecnológica que dá suporte ao compartilhamento de informações entre sistemas. A CAFe é um exemplo muito claro dessa infraestrutura, permitindo que os usuários acessem informações em vários sites de universidades e institutos de pesquisa com um único nome de usuário e senha. Outro exemplo é o uso de Identificadores de Objetos Digitais (DOIs) na plataforma de publicação SciELO, que permite a fácil resolução do artigo científico, além de garantir a persistência do documento. Mais recentemente, pesquisadores brasileiros também vêm adotando o uso da ORCID, um identificador aberto para indivíduos envolvidos em pesquisa. Mais de 100.000 pesquisadores brasileiros se registraram para uma ORCID iD, e o país possui o sexto maior uso do Registro ORCID, globalmente.Objetivo internacional
Essas mesmas organizações que apoiaram o surgimento da pesquisa brasileira no cenário global, novamente têm a oportunidade de desempenhar um papel de liderança em pesquisa aberta, desta vez incluindo as IDs ORCID nas infraestruturas de informações de pesquisa nacionais. Agora é possível que os pesquisadores combinem suas ORCID iD com suas credenciais de login da CAFe; e a Unesp, Unicamp e USP iniciaram projetos para integrar as IDs ORCID com sistemas de diretórios universitários - medidas para permitir que universidades compartilhem informações de afiliação para que os pesquisadores possam usar ao submeter um trabalho ou ao pedir subsídio. O SciELO começou a coletar IDs ORCID dos autores usando sua plataforma de publicação, e mais de sessenta revistas brasileiras estão solicitando IDs ORCID dos autores que submetem trabalhos através do SciELO. O CNPq está avaliando como usar a ORCID em seu sistema de CV Lattes. E a CAPES está pensando em como usar a ORCID, incluindo o uso em seus programas internacionais.
A integração da ORCID nos sistemas-chave de publicação, financiamento e de perfis das organizações de ensino e pesquisa brasileiros apoiará os objetivos de pesquisa aberta em escala nacional. Uma abordagem nacional da ORCID oferece outra oportunidade para o Brasil ser líder no cenário mundial, expandindo a adoção nacional da ORCID em todos os setores da comunidade de pesquisa que, até o momento, envolvia principalmente organizações de pesquisa. Uma abordagem intersetorial coordenada permitirá a interoperabilidade e o compartilhamento de dados em sistemas de informações de pesquisa, melhorando a qualidade dos dados, a possibilidade de serem acessados em escala nacional, e reduzindo a carga de pesquisadores e administradores no gerenciamento de currículos e relatórios de resultados de pesquisa.
Nesse cenário, os pesquisadores brasileiros poderão compartilhar sua ID com sua organização de afiliação (via CAFe) e receber, por sua vez, uma prova eletrônica de afiliação a essa organização (através do diretório da organização), juntamente com o nome e o identificador da organização (OID). Os pesquisadores podem usar essas informações (pessoa/ORCID + afiliação/OID) ao submeter um artigo (via SciELO ou muitas outras plataformas de publicação); e quando o artigo for publicado, receber uma declaração eletrônica de autoria (pessoa/ORCID + documento/DOI + editor/OID), que pode ser facilmente compartilhada com a instituição de origem ou a agência financiadora do pesquisador por meio de uma API. Da mesma forma, o pesquisador pode compartilhar suas informações eletrônicas quando submeter um pedido de subsídio (via CNPq/CAPES), e quando o subsídio for concedido, receber uma declaração eletrônica (pessoa/ORCID + bolsa/DOI + financiadora/OID). Quando um pesquisador interage com sistemas de informações de pesquisa confiáveis, ele tanto inclui verificação nessa conexão quanto reduz o trabalho necessário para que os pesquisadores gerenciem suas informações. Enquanto isso, os pesquisadores controlam quando usam seu ORCID iD e com quem compartilham suas informações.O que vem por aí?
Seguindo o lançamento do Consórcio brasileiro ORCID, estamos ansiosos para trabalhar com a comunidade de pesquisa brasileira para ajudar a tornar essa visão uma realidade. Parte desse esforço será de garantir que as necessidades da comunidade sejam entendidas, e que os serviços da ORCID sejam usados seguindo as melhores práticas. Algumas organizações - incluindo Unesp, Unicamp, USP, SciELO e Fiocruz já começaram. E há um apoio claro de todos os setores para aumentar a adoção e uso da ORCID no Brasil, como mostram estes comentários de participantes do lançamento:
“Nosso objetivo é mudar a realidade de falta de integração e replicação de informações, e ter sistemas que operem de forma integrada, com o uso de identificadores padrão, diminuindo o trabalho manual e aumentando a qualidade dos dados. No que diz respeito à CAPES, a adoção da ORCID nos sistemas de informação será um ganho importante em agilidade e qualidade. Pretendemos que isso se dê principalmente na Plataforma Sucupira, que registra dados de programas de pós-graduação, em sistemas de concessão de bolsas e fomento e nos sistemas de editais de projetos internacionais. Contudo, isso não representa todo o ‘ecossistema’ de informações em pesquisa. Entendemos ser fundamental a participação de outros atores que detêm informações pertinentes à completude do universo da pesquisa no Brasil. Por isso, a proposta do consórcio.” Talita Moreira, Coordenadora-geral de Atividades de Apoio à Pós-Graduação, Diretoria de Avaliação, Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior, CAPES
“Em minha opinião, o Brasil precisa urgentemente criar mecanismos de maior e melhor conexão com o mundo via processo de internacionalização do seu ensino superior, C,T&I e o meio mais fácil é a integração de bases. A ORCID será um dos mais importantes instrumentos nesse sentido.” Geraldo Nunes Sobrinho, Diretor de Programas e Bolsas no País, Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior, CAPES
“O evento representou uma oportunidade para fortalecer o consórcio de agências nacionais que buscam intensificar a integração de bases de dados. A utilização do ORCID, nesse sentido, é ao mesmo tempo um desafio e um catalisador para a pretendida integração.” José Ricardo de Santana, Diretor de Cooperação Institucional, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico, CNPq
“A perspectiva de adoção generalizada do ORCID pelos pesquisadores do Brasil contribuirá para maior controle e visibilidade das pesquisas com ganhos para os pesquisadores, instituições e o para o Brasil como um todo. Para os periódicos haverá um aperfeiçoamento do controle de qualidade.” Abel Packer, Diretor do Scientific Library Online, SciELO Brasil
“A iniciativa de aproximação da ORCID, por meio de um consórcio, das principais agências brasileiras de ensino, pesquisa e desenvolvimento tecnológico evidencia a maneira como a informação e o acesso a ela deve ser tratado. Estes grandes bancos de dados contendo dados de pesquisadores, suas áreas de atuação, recursos recebidos, publicações, entre outras, representam um patrimônio nacional, o qual deve ser gerido de maneira adequada, para se evitar fraudes e ações anti-éticas, bem como garantir um acesso rápido e seguro, evitando-se retrabalho na hora de preencher enormes formulários. Acreditamos que a ABEC tem o dever de ajudar a construir esta maneira de tratar a informação em nosso século e a ORCID vem para nos dar esta garantia de uniformidade global, aliada à segurança destes dados.” Rui Seabra, Presidente da Associação Brasileira de Editores Científicos, ABEC
“O Consórcio Brasileiro ORCID, além de dar visibilidade internacional à pesquisa, promete efetivar a integração de sistemas de informação acadêmica e científica, iniciativa tão aguardada pelos pesquisadores brasileiros.” Elisabeth Adriana Dudziak, Sistema Integrado de Bibliotecas - DT/SIBi, Universidade de São Paulo, USP
“O evento sobre o Consórcio ORCID foi um sucesso e agregou bastante conhecimento, sobretudo, para para nós, profissionais da informação. O Consórcio será um ganho pesquisa brasileira!” Fabiana de Oliveira Silva, Diretora do Sistema de Bibliotecas, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, UFUMais informação:
- Entrevista da SciELO com Laure Haak, Diretora Executiva da ORCID
- Consórcio brasileiro ORCID: Construindo uma comunidade
- Agentes chave da ciência brasileira são membros fundadores do consórcio e participaram do evento: CAPES, CNPq, IBICT, CONFAP, SCIELO e RNP (Foto: Haydée Vieira - CCS/CAPES)
- Ana Heredia e Talita Moreira, da ORCID e da CAPES, respectivamente (Foto: Laure Haak - ORCID)
This post was co-authored with Laure Haak, ORCID's Executive Director
Brazilian research is becoming more visible internationally. The number of articles published has increased substantially, with an average growth of 10.7 % per year, a rate five times higher than the world average, moving the country into the top 15 in terms of research productivity. Much of this growth can be traced to progressive government policies and programs that support both research projects and the information infrastructure needed for collaboration and dissemination of results.
In this post, we describe the launch of the ORCID Brazil consortium in the context of Brazilian leadership in open research.
- ORCID Brazil Consortium
- Key Brazilian initiatives
- Technology infrastructure
- International scope
- What is next?
- Additional information
Among the organizations responsible for supporting the growth of Brazilian research and its international visibility are several of the founder members of the ORCID Brazil consortium as well as the consortium lead organization (RNP). The Brazil consortium officially launched in May, at an event hosted by CAPES. Slides from the launch event are available on the CAPES page.
- CAPES (Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel) - a funding agency under the Ministry of Education and plays a fundamental role in the evaluation of stricto sensu (master's and doctorate) postgraduate courses. CAPES also invests in the formation of high-level resources in the country and abroad, as well as the promotion of international scientific cooperation.
- CNPq (National Council for Scientific and Technological Development) - a funding agency under the Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communication. It manages the national Lattes Platform, which integrates CV, Research Groups and Institutions databases in a unique information system. The Lattes Platform comprises over 3.5M curriculum vitae as it is mandatory for all researchers applying for a grant at the national and regional funding agencies.
- CONFAP (Brazilian National Council for the State Funding Agencies) - a non-profit organization articulating the interests of the twenty-six Brazilian state funding agencies.
- IBICT (Brazilian Institute Science and Technology Information) - an organization under the Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communication, responsible for providing curated, organized and validated information on science and technology at the national level. IBICT promotes the development of resources and infrastructure for the production, share and integration of scientific and technological knowledge, and has two experiences on systems interoperability: the Brazilian Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations and the Brazilian Portal of Scientific Open Access Publications.
- SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) - a bibliographic database, digital library, and cooperative electronic publishing model of open access journals. SciELO Brasil currently indexes 289 scientific journals across all research areas.
- RNP (National Research and Educational Network) - the consortium lead organization. RNP’s primary responsibility is to promote technological development, creating innovative services and projects and training professionals by providing advanced network infrastructure that facilitates collaborative research. RNP is linked to the Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovations and Communications and maintained by them, together with the Ministries of Education, Culture, Health, and Defense.
The organizations in the ORCID consortium are all leading key research information initiatives, including:
- SciELO and Capes Portal de Periódicos Platforms. For the last 15 years, the Brazilian research community has been provided access to the best scientific information available in the world, in the most wide and open way. In a country with continental dimensions and big inequalities, this wide access to full-text is key to the production of high-quality research.
- CNPq Lattes Platform. This was the first national researcher profile system, upon which many others have been modelled internationally. Having a profile in this platform is mandatory for each researcher applying for a CNPq grant, making this database extremely complete and an effective collaboration and evaluation tool.
- CAPES Sucupira Platform. The Post-Graduation Programs play a central role in the production of high-quality research in Brazil. CAPES evaluates these Programs every three years through a very complete system of evaluation, including the Sucupira tool, which receives input from the individual researcher’s Lattes CV.
- CAPES Qualis Evaluation and SciELO Guidelines. These two initiatives aim at improving the quality of Brazilian research journals, through guiding editors in implementing best practices and professionalizing processes, according to international standards and ethics in scientific publishing. They also support the evaluation and indexing of research journals.
- CAPES Science Without Borders Program. Researcher mobility and collaboration is a key factor of the research produced in every country. This CAPES Program increased the visibility of Brazilian science in recent years. Not only did Brazilian scientists travel to other countries because of this Program, but Brazil also became more attractive for foreign researchers; the results of these collaborations are to be seen in the next years’ co-authored publications.
- RNP CAFe. Researchers are educated and trained at academic institutions. CAFe provides a national identity management system for education and research institutions, so that researchers can access the services of their institution and other participating organizations from wherever they are. Distance learning services, access to scientific publications and collaborative activities are among the biggest beneficiaries of the infrastructure offered by federations.
Underlying these policies and programs is a technology infrastructure that supports sharing of information between systems. CAFe is one very clear example of this infrastructure, allowing users to access information across multiple university and research institute sites with a single username and password. Another example is the use of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) in the SciELO publishing platform, which allows easy resolution of the journal article while also supporting persistence of the document. More recently, Brazilian researchers have also been adopting the use of ORCID. Over 100,000 Brazilian researchers have registered for an ORCID iD, and the country enjoys the sixth highest usage of the ORCID Registry, globally.International scope
Those same organizations that have supported the emergence of Brazilian research on the global stage, again have the opportunity to play a leadership role in open research, this time by leveraging ORCID across national research information infrastructures. It is now possible for researchers to pair their ORCID iD with their CAFe login credentials. Unesp, Unicamp, and USP have started projects to integrate ORCID into their directory systems - steps toward enabling these universities to share employment affiliation information that researchers can use when submitting a paper or grant. SciELO have started to collect ORCID iDs for authors using their publishing platform, and more than 60 Brazilian journals are requiring ORCID iDs from authors submitting papers through SciELO. CNPq is assessing how to use ORCID in its Lattes CV system; and CAPES is considering how to use ORCID, including use in its international programs.
Integrating ORCID into key Brazilian publishing, funding, and employer systems, will support national-scale open research objectives. A national approach to ORCID provides another opportunity for Brazil to lead on the world stage, extending national ORCID adoption across sectors of the research community from one that has to date largely involved research universities. A coordinated cross-sector approach would enable interoperability and data sharing across research information systems, improving discoverability on a national scale, improving data quality and reducing the burden on researchers and administrators alike for managing CVs and reporting research outcomes.
In this scenario, Brazilian researchers will be able to share their iD with their home organization (via CAFe), and receive in return an electronic statement of affiliation with that organization (via the organization directory), along with the organization's name and identifier (OID). Researchers may use that information (person/ORCID + affiliation/OID) when submitting a paper (via SciELO or many other publishing platforms); and when the paper is published receive an electronic statement of authorship (person/ORCID + paper/DOI + publisher/OID), which can be easily shared with the researcher’s home institution or funder via an API. Similarly, the researcher can share their electronic information when they submit a grant (via CNPq/CAPES), and when the grant is awarded receive an electronic statement of award (person/ORCID + grant/DOI + funder/OID) Because the connections are made as a researcher interacts with trusted research information systems, it both imbues verification into the connection and reduces the work needed for researchers to manage their information. All the while, researchers control when they use their ORCID iD and with whom they share their information.What is next?
Following the launch of the ORCID Brazil consortium, we look forward to working with the Brazilian research community to help make this vision a reality. Part of this effort will be to ensure community needs are understood, and that ORCID services are used following best practices. Some organizations - including Unesp, Unicamp, USP, Fiocruz, and SciELO have already begun. And there is clear support from all sectors for increasing the adoption and use of ORCID in Brazil, as shown in these comments from attendees at the launch:
"Our goal is to change the reality of replication of information, and to have systems operating in an integrated way, using standard identifiers, reducing manual input and improving data quality. With regard to CAPES, the adoption of ORCID in information systems will be an important gain in agility and quality. We intend this to happen mainly in the Sucupira Platform, which records data from postgraduate programs, in grant systems, and in international project bidding systems. However, this does not represent the entire 'ecosystem' of research information. We believe that the participation of other actors who hold information relevant to the completeness of the research universe in Brazil is fundamental. Therefore, the proposal of the consortium." Talita Moreira, General Coordinator of Post-Graduate Activities, Evaluation Office, Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior, CAPES
“In my opinion, Brazil urgently needs to create mechanisms of greater and better connection with the world through the process of internationalization of its higher education. The easiest means of doing so is through database interoperability. ORCID is one of the most important instruments in this sense.” Geraldo Nunes Sobrinho, Director of Programs and Scholarships, Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior, CAPES
“The event represented an opportunity to strengthen the consortium of national agencies, aiming at increasing research information database interoperability. The use of ORCID, in this sense, is both a challenge and a catalyst.” José Ricardo de Santana, Director of Institutional Cooperation, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico, CNPq
“The adoption of ORCID by Brazilian researchers will contribute to greater control and visibility of research and to quality control for journals. This would be a gain for researchers, institutions and for Brazil as a whole.” Abel Packer, Director of Scientific Library Online, SciELO Brasil
“The ORCID initiative, through a consortium approach of the main Brazilian agencies for education, research and technological development, highlights the way in which research information must be addressed, through ethical management of access and by avoiding data re-entry when filling huge forms. We believe that the Brazilian Association of Scientific Editors (ABEC) has a duty to help build this way of handling information in our century. ORCID comes to give us this guarantee of global interoperability coupled with the security of this data.” Rui Seabra, President of Brazilian Scientific Editors Association - ABEC
“The ORCID Brazilian Consortium, besides giving international visibility to research, promises to affect the interoperability of academic and scientific information systems, an initiative so awaited by Brazilian researchers.” Elisabeth Adriana Dudziak, Sistema Integrado de Bibliotecas - DT/SIBi, Universidade de São Paulo, USP
“The ORCID Consortium event was a success, especially for information professionals. The Consortium will be a gain for Brazilian research!” Fabiana de Oliveira Silva, Director of Library Systems, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, UFUAdditional information:
- SciELO interview with Laure Haak, ORCID Executive Director
- The ORCID Brazilian Consortium: Building a Community
- Consórcio brasileiro ORCID: Construindo uma comunidade
- Key Brazilian science agents are funder members of the consortium and participated in the event: CAPES, CNPq, IBICT, CONFAP, SCIELO and RNP (Photo: Haydée Vieira - CCS/CAPES)
- Ana Heredia and Talita Moreira, from ORCID and CAPES, respectively (Photo: Laure Haak - ORCID)
An assertion is defined as a confident and forceful statement of fact or belief, or the action of stating something, or exercising authority, confidently and forcefully.
How is this relevant to ORCID, you might ask? ORCID enables connections between individual researchers (via their ORCID iD) and their activities and affiliations (via other identifiers and APIs), which are asserted -- either by the researcher, or with their permission, by ORCID members.Anatomy of an ORCID Assertion
While assertions might seem straightforward, things can get complicated quickly. We care about three relationships in an assertion. The Item origin, the Assertion origin, and the Source. Whoever published the activity or is the affiliated party is the Item origin. Whoever collects the ORCID iD and makes the connection to an item is called the Assertion origin. Whoever adds the information to the researcher’s ORCID record is called the Source. The “who” in these sources may be the same or different from each other. Here are some real-world examples:
- All the same. Some universities collect iDs from employees and students, connect the iDs to the person’s local personnel record, and then update the person’s ORCID record with information about their affiliation with the university. In this case, the Item origin (affiliation), the Assertion origin (connecting the iD and affiliation), and the Source (updating the ORCID record) are the same member organization.
- Same origin, different source. Some journals collect iDs, connect them to an author’s publication (item), and then pass these assertions to the DOI registrars Crossref or Datacite, who in turn assert that information into the author’s ORCID record. In this case, the journal is both the Item Origin and Assertion Origin, and Crossref/Datacite is the Source.
- All different. Researchers can claim their existing papers and datasets using a search and link wizard. In this case, the Assertion origin is the researcher, and the Source is the wizard. The item origin is usually a third party that hosts the paper or dataset (such as a journal or repository).
When the “who” is different, researchers may be asked for permission multiple times in a single workflow, which can be confusing and leads to information drops and disconnects between the initial collection of their iD and updating of their record. This is a problem. We are developing “On Behalf Of” functionality (OBO) to better describe assertions and enable researchers to share permissions across multiple systems in a single workflow. OBO will enable our members to correctly reflect who has made which assertion - the researcher, the member, or another organization acting on behalf of either the researcher or the member.Traceability and Trust using Persistent Identifiers (PIDs)
In ORCID’s ideal world, all assertions made in ORCID records would include a persistent identifier (PID) as a component of the item (publication, dataset, affiliation, etc.) connected to the ORCID iD. Specifically, we would like that PID to be resolvable and meet the FAIR data/metadata principles. We call this a “trusted PID”.
When trusted PIDs are not practical (as in the case of affiliation assertions for which no PID currently exists), for the purposes of traceability we require additional metadata to enable manual assurance of the assertion. Over time, we expect that trusted PIDs will emerge for all assertions.Assertion Assurance Pathways
Given these complexities, what are the best pathways to ensure traceability of ORCID assertions? We propose an assurance model based on three factors:
- Who made the initial iD-ID assertion (Assertion origin)?
- Did the Item origin add the information to the record?
- Can the item PID be resolved to an ORCID iD in the upstream metadata, and when the PID is resolved does it provide an an easy assurance pathway? In other words, is the PID used a trusted PID?
Here are three example pathways:
- Trusted PID. A university that is an ORCID member organization collects permissions from a researcher and updates that individual’s ORCID record with an affiliation item. This item includes the university’s organization PID, an affiliation PID that resolves, affiliation role, affiliation dates and an authenticated ORCID iD. Together, these item data meet the FAIR principles and provide a high amount of assurance in both human and machine-readable format.
- PID. A researcher adds affiliation information to their record through the user interface, selects the name of their organization from the provided list, and manually enters role and dates. This item will include a unique organization identifier, but no affiliation PID. To achieve a high amount of assurance one would need to contact the affiliated organization and verify the details.
- No PID. A researcher adds affiliation information to their record through the user interface and manually enters the name of their organization. To achieve a high amount of assurance one would need to disambiguate the organization name provided (“Marlboro College” UK or “Marlboro College” USA?) and then contact the organization to verify the details.
We can map assertion origin with PID types into a 3 x 3 matrix and identify patterns to help manage assertion assurance. From this, we are developing “On behalf of” functionality which will help provide traceability to Assertion Origin. Look for more on assertions and assurance when we launch this functionality with the release of our new API 3.0. If you have any questions in the meantime, please let us know.Blog
Everything we do at ORCID is in service of our underlying belief that, by working together with all sectors of the global research community -- disparate as their priorities and cultures often are -- we can facilitate conversations that help increase the openness and reliability of research information. We are engaging in these conversations using a “community of practice” conceptual approach.Communities of Practice
“Community” and “community of practice” are frequently used terms, to the point that their definitions are unclear. To best understand ORCID’s approach, we can look to the origins of the concept in the education field, where communities of practice must have three features in common: a domain, a community, and practice. The domain is what a group is interested in learning more about or trying to resolve; the community is how this group will interact and share resources related to the domain. With these two features in common, a “community of interest” is born. When the members are also practitioners and use their expertise in the community, and in service of the domain, there is a community of practice.
There are several types of communities of practice in the research domain. One that most researchers are familiar with is the scholarly association. Members of an association share a common interest in learning more about their discipline (the domain); they interact through in-person events and online groups (the community); and they use and share their expertise in the field to enable the development of new knowledge (the practice).ORCID as a Community of Practice
ORCID’s mission - our domain - is to enable interoperability between research information systems. Our structure as a non-profit, and governance by a balance of sectors, ensures that we are responsive to shared interests of the broader research community, including publishers, funders, and universities - our community. This unique orientation creates opportunities for ORCID to facilitate cross-community interaction that strengthens both the technology and communication of research information-sharing - our practice.
As a community of practice, we face many of the same challenges that our members around the world encounter. ORCID drive collective involvement of stakeholders across sectors with the purpose of building practice from interest. To sustain the community, members need to experience the benefits of participating. This can be a challenge, as the priorities of each community can be different, even within sectors and regions. There is no single global approach that can provide the specific tools and approaches needed for all members. Communities need to identify the workflows by segment and align to the needs within their context.ORCID Regional Strategies
From a global perspective, the research community largely recognizes the interdependency of ORCID adoption by researchers and implementation of ORCID in research information systems to achieve the ultimate goal of information-sharing. But organizations want to contribute to and gain value from information interoperability in different ways, so we have developed strategies to learn from - and respond to - those unique barriers and opportunities within regions and sectors. ORCID consortia are a key component of these strategies.
ORCID consortia develop in existing communities of practice and at intersections of communities in one country or sector. We have recently discussed how ORCID consortia contribute to a national vision of improved open infrastructure (here and here). Building consortia into our regional strategies allows us to support a specific community of practice and to consider that community in a regional context. This translates into improved communication and collaboration, more effective ORCID implementation, and opportunities to recognize and share the passion that our stakeholders bring to building research information infrastructure work.
Look for more on our blog soon, about how our regional teams will be working with you to build communities of practice!Blog
The landscape of research information is largely closed to us. We rely on original research to solve many of the challenges facing humanity, to improve lives, and to advance human understanding, and we invest in it accordingly. However, when we survey the map of our research world it is filled with gaps. We pass along a few well-trodden roads (too often paying a substantial toll for the privilege) and we can only wonder about what lies just over the horizon.
We can point to many contributing factors: business models that militate against the sharing of information; aggregation of research analytics for local strategic purposes; technological barriers to linking information between sources; cultural practices that reward and privilege a small slice of research activity; and systems that emphasise hard sciences and anglophone literature. Any and all of these can, and do, hide some of the richness of research endeavour. However, these systemic challenges are not the focus of this discussion. Instead, our focus is on the gaps in our understanding of the landscape: the empty parts of the research map.
If we are to open research up, to enable and support more transparency and accountability, and to ensure that we are supporting research effectively, we must be able to survey the research landscape in its entirety. That means recognising more kinds of contributions to research, and acknowledging a broader, more diverse range of career paths. To do so, we need tools to help us to fill in the blanks. Luckily, a powerful set of these tools exists - open, community-governed identifier systems are already a well-established part of the scholarly world.
Identifiers act as coordinates on the research map. They both tell us where something is located, and also act as signposts, guiding us to information sources and helping us to discover connections between people, ideas, organisations, funding, employment, publications, activities, and more. When a researcher shares an idea or makes a contribution, an identifier can be used to mark its existence. The information connected to that identifier can tell us about its creator(s), the nature of their contribution, the previous work that underpins it, and its impact on subsequent research and outcomes.
Describing a landscape helps us understand the terrain better, but it does not necessarily mean the end of privacy or ‘ownership’ of a part of the land itself. Some information will be personal, competitive, or simply a work in progress. To manage access to that information in a way that can balance the needs of the whole community, while protecting the interests of individual researchers and the organisations that support them, it can be enough simply to provide a signpost. In this way, we can know that the information exists, where it is kept, and who to ask for access to it, if that is appropriate. These signposts have the potential to fill many of the gaps in our knowledge of the research landscape, to expose fruitful connections, and to help us to better understand the overall map.
However, this potential is not currently being achieved. Although we increasingly embed identifiers in works and in our information systems, we don’t do so comprehensively or consistently. We need research organisations and researchers alike to understand the value of identifiers, and to commit to using them appropriately and effectively.
We are not suggesting that everything, everywhere should have an identifier. We don’t want to spend precious time and energy building up a special identifier system for every kind of entity under the sun. We have a much more modest, but still ambitious, proposal:
Let’s use the open identifier systems we already have effectively, consistently, and to mutual benefit
Many of the open components we need to map the terra incognita are already in place, or under development. There are Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) for research content, provided by organisations such as Crossref and DataCite. There are ORCID iDs, a globally established open identifier for researchers. The Organisation Identifier initiative has the potential to link up the disparate and partial systems that identify organisations today, helping us to connect individuals to the organisations that educate, employ, resource, and fund their research.
As research increasingly moves online, we have the opportunity to use digital technologies to automate, remove friction, and eliminate the duplication of effort. Open persistent identifiers can help simplify processes and enable the reuse of information -- but only if we use them properly.
We’ve mapped out below how this could look in one common workflow -- submitting a manuscript to a journal. The green items and activities on the left are already in place; the orange ones are not, yet, but many are under discussion or being actively developed.
There are many other researcher workflows that would benefit from increased use of persistent identifiers, but to make this happen, everyone must play their part. We are on a mission to make this vision a reality - and we hope you’ll join us! Our PID Perfect campaign will be launching later this year. Look out for more information and feel free to contact us in the meantime if you’d like to get involved.Blog
As a former academic librarian who spent quite a bit of time wrangling digital collections, repositories are near and dear to me. That's why I'm thrilled to announce and invite participation in the ORCID in Repositories Task Force.
In ORCID: Out of the Box, Laura Paglione explained that our 2018 roadmap goals include strengthening collaborations with third-party system providers to help make ORCID’s aspiration of researcher-controlled, interconnected information exchange a reality that is accessible to those without a team of in-house developers on hand.
The repository community could particularly benefit from enhanced out-of-the-box ORCID features. While some repositories have developed sophisticated infrastructure that leverages ORCID to automate workflow, support for ORCID is readily available in very few open source and vendor supplied systems. To improve workflow automation, author disambiguation, and visibility of repository content using the community-driven infrastructure that ORCID provides, we need better ORCID integration in more repository systems!About the task force
Following a recent example of successful collaboration among JISC members in the UK to develop requirements for ORCID in ePrints, the ORCID in Repositories Task Force will provide input on a generalized set of recommendations for supporting ORCID in repository platforms, which will help guide repository system developers.
The task force will be chaired by Michele Mennielli, International Membership and Partnership Manager at DuraSpace, with support from Liz Krznarich, Frontend Technical Lead at ORCID. Recommendations of the task force will be used inform the work of Projects Governance of open source platform supported by DuraSpace. Membership in this group is voluntary, and we invite participation by individuals who have an interest in the topic, including repository providers, repository managers, librarians, IT staff, and research administration staff.Join the task force
We're seeking 6-12 volunteers who will:
- Attend 2-3 one-hour web meetings between July and Sept 2018
- Dedicate about four hours to reviewing documents outside of the meetings
Please see the ORCID community page for information about how we will recognize your participation in the Task Force.
Interested? Please contact us with a short bio and a few sentences about why you’d like to participate.
Interested, but not able to participate? We still want your input! Task force recommendations will be opened for public comment before they are finalized; contact us and we'll make sure to let you know when the document is available.Blog
About two years ago, we launched our Collect & Connect program to streamline the integration process and standardize the user experience. Since then, we’ve reviewed nearly half of all ORCID member integrations, and awarded 63 Collect & Connect badges.
Based on our experiences and member feedback, we have worked to clarify the essential requirements for each badge. Today we are re-launching the Collect & Connect program, with streamlined guidelines for implementing ORCID following our best practices.
- Streamlined, easy-to-understand requirements for each badge
- Future ORCID integrations will need to meet Authenticate and Display requirements
- Option to prioritize Connect (recommended) OR Collect, according to your organization's needs
- Standard user communications for each badge, for members to adapt as needed
- Date-stamped badges to clearly indicate when we reviewed the integration
- Updated minimum requirements for issuing Member API production credentials
- Coming soon: Self-certification for the Authenticate and Display badges, and for members using approved third party ORCID-enabled systems
We have also updated our Member API checklist and Member support pages to reflect the updated criteria in our documentation. And there’s a new introduction to Collect & Connect video for you to watch and share.The badges
Authenticate ORCID iDs to ensure researchers are correctly identified in your systems
- Provide an ORCID-branded button or link for collecting iDs
- AUTHENTICATE iDs during collection
- Explain why you collect authenticated iDs
Display iDs to signal to researchers that your systems support the use of ORCID
- Store and publicly DISPLAY iDs
- DISPLAY the authenticated ORCID iDs in metadata
- Explain why you display iDs
Collect information from ORCID records to fill forms and support research reporting
- COLLECT information from ORCID records
- Use the data COLLECTED in your system, online forms, etc.
- Explain why you collect ORCID information
Connect information to ORCID records for trusted sharing with others
- CONNECT information from your system to ORCID records
- Include assertion metadata for each item
- Explain your system connections with ORCID and benefits to researchers
Synchronize information between ORCID records and your systems for reporting accuracy and speed
- Make CONNECTions and COLLECTions over time using long-lasting permissions, updating information as it changes
- Provide a mechanism to accept and act on correction requests from ORCID users
- Explain the benefits for researchers of synchronization
Download the badges criteria at the ORCID Repository.Sample communications text
As requested by many of our members, we have developed brief descriptions of each badge, explaining the benefits to your users. These descriptions, listed below, meet the Collect & Connect communications requirements, and can be adapted and customized as needed. For example, you can add information about your own use of ORCID, and links to press releases, blog posts, or other information you’ve developed about ORCID.
- Authenticate. [ORGANIZATION NAME] is collecting your ORCID iD so that we can [ADD PURPOSE]. When you click the “Authorize” button, we will ask you to share your iD using an authenticated process: either by registering for an ORCID iD or, if you already have one, to sign in to your ORCID account. We do this to ensure that you are correctly identified and securely connecting your ORCID iD. Learn more in What’s so special about signing in.
- Display. To acknowledge that you have used your iD and that it has been authenticated, we display the ORCID iD icon alongside your name on our website/in our publications/in our database/etc. Learn more in How should an ORCID iD be displayed.
- Connect. By sharing your iD with [ORGANIZATION NAME], and giving us permission to read and update your ORCID record, you enable us to help you keep your record up-to-date with trusted information. Learn more in Six ways to make your ORCID iD work for you!
- Collect. Filling in the same information about yourself over and over again is frustrating. That’s why we let you choose to use information from your ORCID record to [ADD SPECIFIC USE CASE, for example, populate our online forms]. Learn more in Enter once, reuse often.
- Synchronize. [ORGANIZATION NAME] is making it possible for you to easily share your research information and keep it up-to-date. With your permission, we will synchronize information between [SYSTEM NAME] and your ORCID record, in real time OR every X days/weeks. Learn more in Enter once, reuse often.
Do you think your current integration already meets the Collect & Connect requirements? Do you have the technical implementation ready but need some help with the communications? Are you in the process of updating an existing integration? Do you use one of our approved third party service provider ORCID-enabled systems? Contact us! We’d love to hear from you and help your organization become a Collect & Connect awardee!Blog
If someone asks you, as a researcher, what you hate most about your work, the chances are you will say form-filling. Keying in the same information, time after time - often for the same organization! - is frustrating, increases the risk of errors, and reduces the amount of time you can spend actually doing research. Nature’s 2016 salary survey (summarized here) found that researchers typically spend 21% of their time on writing grant applications and other administrative tasks. At the recent Brazil ORCID consortium launch, CAPES noted that they estimate their researchers spend 30% of their time performing administrative tasks. FCT in Portugal, have even developed a tool to calculate how much time (and money!) is spent by researchers manually adding the same information to multiple systems.
At ORCID, we are working with our member organizations to build systems that allow you to spend more time doing research, and less time managing it. There are now over 550 systems and platforms that have made it possible for researchers to share their ORCID iD securely, with more in the pipeline. Many of these systems connect your ORCID iD with your contribution (paper, grant, dataset, thesis, affiliation, etc.) and also give you the option to approve addition of your published contribution to your ORCID record, making it easier for you to share information with the other organizations you interact with.Affiliations
Most research systems routinely request information about researchers’ education and employment affiliations. Your own institution is clearly the most reliable source of that information. Increasingly, ORCID member organizations are enabling trusted connections -- assertions -- between your ORCID iD and information about your affiliation with a research organization. Of course, there are many types of affiliation in addition to employment and education. Our affiliation types enable research institutions, associations, and others to also make connections between your iD and information about your honorary positions, service or membership, and qualifications. With your permission, these assertions can be added to your ORCID record for you to share as you interact with a variety of application and submission systems.Signing into systems
Over the course of your career, you’ll probably submit papers to many different journals. To help streamline the manuscript submission process, publishers are using ORCID services to support single sign on (see, for example, this video), saving you the hassle of remembering multiple usernames and passwords. You can also use your institutional ID to sign in to ORCID, as well as your Facebook or Google account.Published works and funding
Using your iD when submitting a paper or review means you can more easily update a variety of systems with information about your published work. Many publishers collecting iDs are passing them on to Crossref and DataCite (for publications) and Publons (for reviews); they, in turn, add information about the work to your ORCID record. You simply have to grant permission! Other publishers, including the American Geophysical Union, eLife, F1000, and the Society for Neuroscience, are connecting review information directly to ORCID records.
We are also working with funders around the world to enable the collection of iDs and other data from your ORCID record during the grant application process. As well as making the application process easier for you, the goal is that the funder will update your ORCID record with your funded award information, so you can easily share it when interacting with other systems.Research resources
There are many other research activities that -- always with your permission -- can be connected with your ORCID iD and updated into your record, to enable sharing with other systems you interact with. One example are the research resources you use to do your work, such as user facilities, laboratories, special collections, and so on. With a group of research resources, publishers, and funders, we together have defined an end-to-end workflow for collecting ORCID iDs in resource access proposal workflows, updating your ORCID record when the proposal is approved, and establishing a workflow to share this information when you submit a paper or dataset.
Our ultimate goal is to enable transparent and trusted connections between your ORCID iD and your contributions and affiliations, and to make it easier to share this information as you interact with various information systems. Instead of keying in the same information again and again, all you need to do is use your iD when you interact with a research system, grant permissions to update your record, and share the information with the next system you interact with. Enter information once and reuse it often!Blog
The EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) takes effect on Friday, May 25. Given our core principles of individual control and transparency, we were largely in alignment with the regulation. This was reaffirmed in an expert legal review of our data privacy practices.
Most of our compliance efforts have therefore focused on fine-tuning our internal processes. We have made the following changes for users:
- GDPR-related Knowledge Base articles
- Registry changes
- We have added a new feature, Download all my data, to address the GDPR requirement for data portability. You can access this feature in your Account settings
In addition to this blog post, we are contacting all our users directly via an email service announcement to provide a brief overview of GDPR-related changesWhat’s next?
We will continue monitoring interpretations and legal cases related to the GDPR, and will adjust our processes and policies as needed to ensure we are compliant with the regulation. We will investigate additional options to demonstrate evidence of GDPR compliance, such as seals or certifications, similar to our current independent audit, which verifies our compliance under the EU-US Privacy Shield Framework.
ORCID operates on a global scale, and we will continue to investigate international privacy regulations, evaluate current regulatory and privacy needs, and assess them against our practices. We’ll report on our findings in future blog posts.
If you have any questions or concerns relating to ORCID and the GDPR, please don’t hesitate to contact us.Blog
A Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nïvel Superior (CAPES) e a ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor iD) firmaram uma parceria inédita em dezembro de 2017, para adoção consorcial e coordenada do identificador único para pesquisadores nos sistemas de informação de pesquisa.
O Consórcio Brasileiro (ORCID) é formado, além de CAPES, pelo Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPQ), o Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia (IBICT), a Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), o Conselho Nacional das Fundações Estaduais de Amparo à Pesquisa (CONFAP), além da Rede Nacional de Ensino e Pesquisa (RNP) como facilitador.
Este acordo é particularmente exitoso pois envolve, a nível nacional, todas as instituições responsáveis pela produção, coleta e divulgação das informações de pesquisa. Ele representa, sobretudo, um passo importante para a integração, através de um sistema colaborativo com interface internacional, das informações brasileiras de pesquisa, de forma abrangente e sustentável e alinhado com iniciativas europeias.
No marco do consórcio, a ORCID funcionará como um hub, assegurando menor trabalho manual para os pesquisadores proverem informações de publicações e pesquisa a distintos sistemas demandantes, garantindo maior qualidade dos dados e facilitando a troca dessas informações de pesquisa entre os diferente sistemas, de forma transparente e imediata.
“No que diz respeito à CAPES, a adoção do ORCID nos sistemas de informação será um ganho importante em agilidade e qualidade. Pretendemos que isso se dê principalmente na Plataforma Sucupira, que registra dados de programas de pós-graduação, em sistemas de concessão de bolsas e fomento e nos sistemas de editais de projetos internacionais. Contudo, isso não representa todo o ‘ecossistema’ de informações em pesquisa. Entendemos ser fundamental a participação de outros atores que detêm informações pertinentes à completude do universo da pesquisa no Brasil. Por isso, a proposta do consórcio”, explica Talita Moreira.
No próximo dia 22 de maio, acontecerá o evento de lançamento do consórcio na CAPES en Brasília, com a presença de representantes das instituições membro do consórcio, parceiros internacionais e representantes da ORCID. Teremos a honra de contar com a presença de João Moreira, da Fundação para a Ciencia e a Tecnologia - FCT, Portugal, de Abel Del Carpio, do Consejo Nacional de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación Tecnológica - CONCYTEC, Peru e a palestra por videoconferência de Robert Kiley, do Wellcome Trust, Reino Unido, contando as experiências de integração de suas organizações com a ORCID. Veja a agenda completa do evento.
A ORCID é uma organização sem fins lucrativos, que oferece um identificador digital persistente para pesquisadores, conectando-os às suas afiliações e atividades por meio da integração com editoras, agências de financiamento e bases de dados das instituições de pesquisa. As mais importantes instituições de ensino e pesquisa do mundo usam ORCID para reduzir redundâncias e automatizar fluxos de informação, ganhando mais tempo para pesquisar, publicar e divulgar.Blog
In December 2017, CAPES and ORCID signed an unprecedented partnership, for a national consortium to enable coordinated adoption of ORCID iDs for researchers in research information systems.
The ORCID Brazilian Consortium was formed by CAPES, together with the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPQ), the Brazilian Institute of Information in Science and Technology (IBICT), the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), the National Council of State Foundations for Research Support (CONFAP), as well as the National Teaching and Research Network (RNP), which acts as facilitator.
This agreement is particularly significant since it involves, at the national level, all institutions responsible for producing, collecting, and disseminating research information. It represents an important step towards the integration, through ORCID -- a collaborative system with an international interface -- of the Brazilian research information, in a comprehensive and sustainable way, and in line with European initiatives.
Within the framework of the consortium, ORCID will act as a hub, enabling less manual work for researchers inputting publications and research information into different systems, ensuring higher data quality, and facilitating the exchange of this research information between different systems, transparently and immediately.
"From CAPES' perspective, the adoption of ORCID in information systems will be an important gain in agility and quality. We intend to do this mainly in the Sucupira Platform, which records data from postgraduate programs, grant and grant systems, and international project bidding systems. However, this does not represent the entire 'ecosystem' of research information. We believe that the participation of other actors who hold information relevant to the completeness of the research universe in Brazil is fundamental. This is the reason for forming the consortium", explains Talita Moreira, CAPES Evaluation Office`s General Coordinator of Post Graduate Activities
Next May 22 the consortium will be officially launched at CAPES office in Brasília, in the presence of members of the consortium, international partners and ORCID representatives. We will also be honored with the presence of João Moreira of the Foundation for Science and Technology - FCT, Portugal, Abel Del Carpio, of the National Council of Science, Technology and Technological Innovation - CONCYTEC, Peru, and a videoconference lecture by Robert Kiley of the Wellcome Trust, UK, on their experiences of integrating ORCID. See the complete agenda for the event and register.Blog
This is a slightly updated version of a post that first appeared on the JROST and Hypothes.is blogs. Our thanks to them for allowing us to republish here under the licensing terms of the original (JROST) post.
ORCID is delighted to be part of a group of organizations building nonprofit, open-source tools for scholarship and publication that has joined with open science researchers in a new collaboration to develop a Joint Roadmap for Open Science Tools (JROST).
While open technologies and services are becoming essential in science practices, so far, there has been no holistic effort to align these tools into a coherent ecosystem that can support the scientific experience of the future. To draw this missing map, we’ve formed the Joint Roadmap as an informal group of like-minded people and organizations with shared goals. To date, the following organizations are participating: Berkeley Institute of Data Science (BIDS), bioRxiv, Collaborative Knowledge Foundation (Coko), Crossref, Dat Project, Earth and Space Science Open Archive (EESOAr), eLife, Hypothesis, Jupyter Project, Mozilla, Open Science Framework (OSF), ORCID, Public Knowledge Project, Public Library of Science (PLOS), Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC), Wikimedia, and Zotero, joined by researchers: Samantha Hindle and Daniel Mietchen.
Our common purpose is to deliver:
- A vision for the toolchain or dashboard of the scientist of the future
- A mission for what we hope to achieve and how we can work together
- A set of user stories that together describe the problems we want to solve
- A preliminary roadmap for how projects and services can work together
Through workshops and other coordinated activities, the Joint Roadmap will bring together technology organizations and researchers who are actively involved in the design and production of open scholarly infrastructure. Our objectives will be to explore shared goals and outcomes, develop cross-platform user stories, and identify obvious areas of mutual collaboration. What do our future roadmaps look like and how are they compatible or divergent? What integrations should we consider? What actions or paradigms should we all support? How do we design our tools so they improve researcher effectiveness; help research be more findable, accessible, interoperable and reusable; enhance publication and discovery; and together create a whole greater than the sum of its parts?
You can start participating at any time:
- Comment on JROST’s #mozsprint record
- Review and contribute to existing issues
- Enter new issues
- Connect related projects that are also part of #mozsprint or not
We are also planning our first face-to-face workshop, tentatively scheduled for 21-22 August, 2018 in San Francisco, California.
Find out more about the Joint Roadmap and how you can join our growing community to create a more powerful future for researchers.
Please contact JROST for more information.Blog
[In English: ORCID in Japan: Re-thatching the Roof]
- いち早く国内の学会誌で投稿プロセスに著者のORCID認証を義務化した日本疫学会からは、無料で提供されるPublic APIの限界と、さらにORCIDの活用を進めるため、メンバー参加の必要性について報告がありました。
It was around this time last year that I reported the University of Tsukuba had joined as the 10th ORCID member in Japan. Japan has since added seven more members, but many organizations are still either trying to make the case for ORCID internally or secure budget and resources needed for to implement ORCID. You may wonder why there is such struggle in the country like Japan, where resources devoted to R&D are relatively high. Below are the top three reasons I hear from Japanese organizations as to why they have not yet joined in the ORCID community.1. Existing infrastructure
In countries where researcher name disambiguation is imperative, it is more likely that a domestic researcher directory is already in place and often intertwined with the government research funding workflow, publications, and databases provided in their local language, or research information systems at institutions. The more self-contained the existing infrastructure is, the harder it becomes for ORCID because many see our core functions being already in place at the country level.2. Availability of ORCID-enabled applications
ORCID-enabled systems have helped us rapidly expand our membership globally by lowering the technical barriers for organizations which may not have the resources to develop their own applications. Organizations using a custom-built system, or solutions developed by a local vendor, must expend extra time and costs on top of the ORCID membership fees. Local vendor solutions comply well with the domestic infrastructure, but they are unlikely to engage with ORCID unless enough of their existing customer base demands it.3. Resources for ORCID adoption
The way ORCID works adds complexity for resource allocations. Technical staff needed for ORCID integrations, budget for the membership fees, and researcher communication and support functions may all come from different departments. They somehow need to work together, with or without clearly defined roles in their job descriptions.
ORCID Japan Member Meeting, April 17, 2018
These challenges are commonly found not only in Japan but also in other non-English speaking countries. The recent ORCID Japan Member Meeting demonstrated how a country can approach these challenges through collaborative efforts.
- Early adopters such as National Institute for Materials Science and Tokyo Institute of Technology shared the challenges they encountered during the integration process and how they were overcome.
- Atlas, who in 2013 became the first Japanese system provider ORCID member, has recently launched an interim integration solution for new ORCID members such as Kyoto University and Sokendai to deploy while the members work on more full-scale infrastructure.
- Organizations that are not yet ORCID members are also participating in the community discussion. At Niigata University, three departments put their minds together to clarify goals and benefits for ORCID adoptions in various internal workflows. Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute is using the ORCID Sandbox to build a pilot workflow to demonstrate how they can effectively identify their research facility users, and how their research products can be automatically retrieved by authenticating ORCID upfront during the application process.
- Japan Epidemiological Association, the first Japanese society to require authors to provide an ORCID during manuscript submission, reported the limitation of the Public API and the need to become a member to contribute more.
- National systems such as KAKEN (operated by National Institute of Informatics) and researchmap (operated by Japan Science and Technology Agency) are starting to integrate ORCID as value-add to their services to make it easier for Japanese researchers to easily maintain their records and raise more international visibility
The highlight of the meeting was the open discussion facilitated by Dr. Masao Mori, who urged all participants to share ideas for making tangible steps toward an ORCID consortium in Japan. Many attendees responded actively to his call, sharing views and opinions on the cost model, funding sources, staffing, and community advocacy required for a sustainable, inclusive approach. It is expected that some attendees from this meeting, possibly with others from the community, will soon form a steering committee to work on a community proposal.
For us at ORCID, this is the kind of moment where the true power of the community is revealed. We see parallels with Gassho-style architecture in Japan, where re-thatching roofs requires all villagers to volunteer their time and expertise for the long planning process, gathering materials needed for the re-construction, and finally coming together to implement. Still small in scale, the ORCID community in Japan is diverse - including research institutes, funders, scholarly societies, and system vendors. It takes time to encompass a wide range of requirements. We look forward to supporting the community as they leverage the current strengths of the Japanese scholarly infrastructure work to integrate ORCID.Blog
In 2018, ORCID is traveling around the globe - in person and virtually! - to engage with our community.
We kicked off 2018 with our first-ever Consortium Workshop in Lisbon, Portugal, on January 17. This event brought together representatives from ORCID’s many consortia members, including the recently formed Brazilian and Norwegian consortia. We also welcomed participants from Japan, Russia, and Slovakia, where there are nascent discussions about forming national ORCID consortia. Read about key takeaways and learn about the innovative work done by the winners of our inaugural Consortium Awards.
The Consortia Workshop was quickly followed by an Organization ID Stakeholder meeting (January 22) and PIDapalooza (January 23-24), both in Girona, Spain. This second PIDapalooza brought together around 150 PID practitioners from around the world in fast-paced and interactive parallel sessions. Together with keynotes by Jo McEntyre and Melissa Haendel, and a closing plenary by Carly Strasser, everyone left with new ideas and examples of practical applications! Presentations are available in the PIDapalooza repository.
We’ve since held ORCID workshops in Israel (February 13), Belgium (March 13), and Japan (April 17). We would like to thank Tel Aviv University, The Royal Library of Belgium, and the National Institute of Informatics for hosting these events. You may view slides from these meetings on the ORCID repository.Upcoming Workshops in May and Early June
May is a busy month for ORCID workshops! On May 15, we are hosting a workshop at the University of California - Berkeley. It will bring together institutions from across the scholarly community in California, and highlight how organizations including California Digital Library, Crossref, DataCite, Hypothes.is, and PLOS are using ORCID.
A week later, we celebrate the Brazilian Consortium launch in Brasilia, Brazil. Hosted by CAPES, the event will focus on building open science infrastructure and plans for integrating ORCID into workflows of funding agencies, publishers, and universities.
On May 24, we are co-hosting a workshop with the Universität für Bodenkultur Wien in Vienna, Austria, to bring the research community together to discuss building a national approach to open science infrastructure.
Our Nordics Workshop will take place on May 29 at CSC - IT Center for Science in Espoo, Finland. Our members from across the region will be presenting their ORCID integrations and plans, and discussing the development of communities of practice.
Rounding out the month is a breakfast meeting at SSP in Chicago on May 31. Please contact us if you’re interested in attending. We start June with an ORBIT Community Forum at INORMS in Edinburgh on June 7.
Registration for all these events is now open. We invite you to attend!Membership Webinars
If you can’t join us in person at one of our upcoming events, we encourage you to join one of our webinars! Throughout the year, the ORCID membership team hosts webinars to demonstrate how your organization can benefit by integrating ORCID in your research information systems and workflows. These webinars highlight use cases and provide you the opportunity to hear from ORCID members about their experiences implementing ORCID.
We warmly invite you and your colleagues to attend and learn from others in the ORCID community! You may view the upcoming webinar topics, dates, and times, on our events page. Come back often to see the latest schedule.
We look forward to seeing you at an ORCID event in 2018 - in person or virtually!Blog
One of the best things about ORCID is our community. We work on nuts and bolts solutions with local and national communities in dozens of countries around the world. We have an amazing global network of members and partners working with us to build identifiers into the heart of research systems and tools, and improve the openness, transparency and reusability of research information. Each country has its own unique set of priorities and challenges. By exploring these together we enrich our understanding of the ways research information can be shared, and ensure that the ORCID services we provide to our members and the research community are genuinely useful.
At the core of the ORCID mission is the name ambiguity problem. In essence, researchers mark their contributions by attaching their name to them; but names are not unique, they change, and they can be recorded in different ways. This problem is universal, which is why ORCID is a global, open research initiative. But the name ambiguity problem presents itself differently in varied practical and policy contexts.
In this blog post, we look at how three countries have adapted ORCID to their situation, using our consortia program to address specific national needs. Each started out with specific priorities and problems that shaped the way they chose to build ORCID into systems and services and, ultimately, affect the working lives of researchers.Italy: Creating a national infrastructure for research evaluation
The Italian consortium, led by Cineca, was one of our first national consortia and was at the time by far the largest, with 74 university and institute members at the outset. The consortium was established to help to improve the handling and availability of data for the Italian national research evaluation exercise, the VQR. Cineca, alongside CRUI (the Conference of Italian University Rectors) and ANVUR (the national evaluation agency) funded a project to ensure that at least 80% of Italian researchers and postgraduate students registered their ORCID iD in the national publications database, and linked their publications going back to 2006.
An initial test by VQR staff, reported at the ORCID Outreach meeting in 2015, found that, using the Hub, the time required by researchers and administrators to report on their contributions went from days to minutes, reducing frustration with the evaluation process, engaging researchers in ensuring they were accurately represented, and improving the quality of the data not just in the Hub but also in external databases widely used for search and discovery.
Following this positive result, Cineca proceeded with creating a national ORCID Hub. Based on DSpace-CRIS technology, the Hub provided a gateway for researchers to register for an iD and link it to the national publications database and to local systems. The launch was phased, with 5-10 universities per week connecting to the ORCID hub and engaging with their researchers. Each week there was a corresponding surge of activity as researchers registered and used an open search and link wizard to connect their iD to their existing works in Scopus and import metadata into their ORCID record. By the end of the 2-month launch period, more than 60,000 researchers, about 80% of Italy’s university researchers, registered via the national ORCID Hub (Figure 1).
Figure 1. Timeline of ORCID registrations at consortium launch.New Zealand: Reducing technical barriers to foster information sharing
In New Zealand, a coalition of national bodies, including funders, government departments, and research associations, published a statement of principle in support of national ORCID adoption, as a core component of their National Research Information System.
Figure 2. New Zealand ORCID Joint Statement of Principle, 2015.
Like Italy, New Zealand decided on a consortium approach. Led by the Royal Society Te Apārangi and centrally funded by the Ministry of Business, Innovation, and Employment (MBIE), the consortium launched in 2016 with 34 founding members. It has the most diverse membership of any ORCID consortium, with universities, polytechnics, private and crown research organisations, health boards, government and research funders all taking part in creating an inclusive research and innovation ecosystem. During the launch event, more than a few people noted that it was the first time all of these parties had been in the same room.
At the heart of the New Zealand approach is ensuring that the benefits of ORCID adoption, as outlined in their statement of principle, are equally available to all New Zealand organisations and researchers, regardless of size or technical resource. To ensure that all the consortium members can productively engage with ORCID, the Ministry has provided support for the development of the New Zealand ORCID Hub, which expands on the Italian model to enable all universities, research institutes, and funding bodies to easily collect authenticated ORCID iDs and connect information to ORCID records. Its core function is to provide all New Zealand ORCID Consortium members with the ability to make authoritative assertions of their relationship with researchers on the researcher's ORCID record. The Hub launched in 2017, and is now expanding to include assertions of funding and other relationships. As open source technology, what New Zealand builds is also available for others to repurpose in their own contexts.Norway: Leveraging existing information platform
Our recently announced consortium in Norway is led by the National Center for Systems and Services for Research and Studies (CERES). The Center manages, develops, maintains, and operates student administration and research information systems and services on behalf of Norwegian higher education sector and Norwegian research communities, such as national research institutes and health care institutions. The Center reports directly to the Ministry of Education who approved and funded the consortium for all members in December 2017.
The basis for establishing the consortium was underpinned by the national goals and guidelines for open access to research articles, in which the aim of the government is to make all publicly funded Norwegian research articles openly available by 2024. In particular, the government aims to improve the functionality associated with depositing an article via the national CRIS (Cristin) and to investigate how a national repository can be realised.
The Norwegian ORCID consortium launched with 90 institutional members, comprised of universities, research hospitals, funders, and government organisations. Its first task is integrating ORCID into the existing national CRIS -- which already enables sharing of research information between organisations in Norway -- to improve information sharing and efficiency and convenience within the country, and to enable information to flow alongside Norway’s globally mobile research community.ORCID at the core
What these three countries have in common is that they have integrated ORCID as a core component of their national research information policies. Each has acknowledged the fundamental importance of engaging researchers and organisations across the spectrum of research and innovation. Each has leveraged central support to build practical, inclusive, technical solutions respectful of the local context, which also connect into global research information infrastructure.Blog
Much of the work that ORCID does to connect research and researchers is a collaboration between us and our member organizations. We provide a Registry of identifiers and a mechanism for systems to interact with the Registry, and our member organizations use these connections to ensure that information flows between their systems and others that individuals have authorized.Some day...
I spend a lot of time thinking about ORCID’s aspiration - what benefits the Registry could enable. At its best, this interconnected system of computers, workflows, and interactions enables reduced work for researchers and more timely and accurate information for the organizations they interact with. It provides researchers with a personal resource of information about themselves and their activities that has been collaboratively created by them and the organizations that they trust. Through activities like grant applications, publication submissions, and data sharing, researchers can authorize these organizations to automatically keep this personal information resource up-to-date. They can choose who share their information with, requesting that this information be used to pre-fill forms, provide activity reporting that requires less time to curate, and share or supply updates to profile systems. This “enter once, reuse often” world of digital information exchange would be facilitated by system-to-system connections.... maybe sooner rather than later…
This aspiration may not be that far off. Some publishers will already read your current affiliation from your ORCID record if you want them to. Repositories will add your latest data sets to your ORCID record if you give them permission. And research institutions will add your degree and dissertation information to your ORCID record when you graduate, because you authorized them to do so. Each of these interactions happen because organizations have committed to support ORCID in their workflows and systems.
Even though adding ORCID capabilities to any one workflow or system isn’t very difficult, there would be a significant amount of work needed to get ORCID iDs embedded in every system if each organization had to do this on their own. Fortunately there are some fantastic off-the-shelf tools that are used by many organizations. Many of these third-party systems have already enabled hundreds of other organizations to start making our aspiration a reality today.... especially with help from third-party providers!
As part of our 2018 roadmap, we are focusing on these third-party system providers, deepening our collaboration with them as partners to help realize ORCID’s aspiration of researcher-controlled, interconnected information exchange. The core objectives of this project are to collaborate with system providers to engage them as partners, develop a core functionality specification for third-party ORCID integrations, and promote these implementations as quick and efficient methods for the community to benefit from ORCID, out of the box.
If you are a third-party system provider, please contact us to become a partner!!
Image: CC0 Pixabay, https://pixabay.com/en/stick-people-puzzle-helping-2324009/Blog