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Updated: 1 hour 34 min ago

Open Science Projects Collaborate on Joint Roadmap

Wed, 16 May 2018 - 14:02 UTC

This is a slightly updated version of a post that first appeared on the JROST and Hypothes.is blogs. Our thanks to them for allowing us to republish here under the licensing terms of the original (JROST) post.

ORCID is delighted to be part of a group of organizations building nonprofit, open-source tools for scholarship and publication that has joined with open science researchers in a new collaboration to develop a Joint Roadmap for Open Science Tools (JROST).

While open technologies and services are becoming essential in science practices, so far, there has been no holistic effort to align these tools into a coherent ecosystem that can support the scientific experience of the future. To draw this missing map, we’ve formed the Joint Roadmap as an informal group of like-minded people and organizations with shared goals. To date, the following organizations are participating: Berkeley Institute of Data Science (BIDS), bioRxiv, Collaborative Knowledge Foundation (Coko)Crossref, Dat Project, Earth and Space Science Open Archive (EESOAr)eLifeHypothesis, Jupyter ProjectMozillaOpen Science Framework (OSF)ORCIDPublic Knowledge ProjectPublic Library of Science (PLOS)Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC)Wikimedia, and Zotero, joined by researchers: Samantha Hindle and Daniel Mietchen.

Our common purpose is to deliver:

  • A vision for the toolchain or dashboard of the scientist of the future
  • A mission for what we hope to achieve and how we can work together
  • A set of user stories that together describe the problems we want to solve
  • A preliminary roadmap for how projects and services can work together
Next steps

Through workshops and other coordinated activities, the Joint Roadmap will bring together technology organizations and researchers who are actively involved in the design and production of open scholarly infrastructure. Our objectives will be to explore shared goals and outcomes, develop cross-platform user stories, and identify obvious areas of mutual collaboration. What do our future roadmaps look like and how are they compatible or divergent? What integrations should we consider? What actions or paradigms should we all support? How do we design our tools so they improve researcher effectiveness; help research be more findable, accessible, interoperable and reusable; enhance publication and discovery; and together create a whole greater than the sum of its parts?

You can start participating at any time:

We are also planning our first face-to-face workshop, tentatively scheduled for 21-22 August, 2018 in San Francisco, California.

Find out more about the Joint Roadmap and how you can join our growing community to create a more powerful future for researchers.

Please contact JROST for more information.

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日本のORCID:屋根の葺き替え工事

Wed, 09 May 2018 - 14:00 UTC

[In English: ORCID in Japan: Re-thatching the Roof]

筑波大学が10番目の日本の機関メンバーとなったことをご報告したのは、ちょうど1年ほど前のことでした。それ以来、日本ではさらに7機関が新たにメンバーとなりましたが、まだ多くの機関では組織内での説得や、ORCID導入に必要な予算やリソースの確保に時間がかかっています。他国と比べても研究開発予算がある程度潤沢な日本のような国で、なぜそんなに時間がかかるのか、不思議に思う方もいるかもしれません。どうしてORCIDコミュニティに参加できないのか、日本の組織がよく挙げる3つの理由は以下のとおりです。

1. 既存のインフラ

研究者の名寄せが必要不可欠な国々では、すでに国内の研究者ディレクトリが整備されていることが多く、政府による研究助成金申請手続きや、国内で流通する出版物やデータベース、研究機関が利用する情報システムなどと複雑に絡み合っています。こうした既存のインフラが自己完結していれば、ORCIDが提供する主な機能はすでに国が整備し終わっていると考える人も多く、ORCIDの導入は難しくなります。

2. ORCID実装済みシステムの有無

ORCID実装済みシステムが提供されるようになり、独自のアプリケーションを開発することのできない機関の技術的困難が解消され、ORCIDメンバーシップは世界的に急速に拡大しました。特注のシステムや国内ベンダーが提供する製品を使っている場合は、ORCIDメンバー会費に加えて余計な出費と時間がかかってしまいます。国内のベンダーはその国のインフラ要件には迅速に対応しますが、顧客からの十分な要望がない限りORCIDにはなかなか対応しないかもしれません。

3. ORCID対応のためのリソース

ORCIDに対応するためのリソース配分も複雑です。ORCID導入に必要な技術要員の手配、メンバー会費の予算化、研究者への広報やサポートの提供など、すべて異なる部署が担当していることもあります。役割分担がはっきりとしていなくても、これらの担当者は職掌を超えて協力しなければなりません。


日本のメンバーミーティング(2018年4月17日)

こうした課題は日本だけでなく、非英語圏に共通するものです。先月開催された日本のメンバーミーティングは、そうした国々がどのように課題克服のために共同して取り組むことができるかという点で、たいへん示唆に富むものでした。

  • 物質・材料研究機構東京工業大学など、先行してORCIDメンバーとなった機関は、導入プロセスの中で直面した課題と、それらをどのように克服したかを共有しました。
  • 2013年に日本のシステム提供事業者として初めてのORCIDメンバーとなった株式会社アトラスは、ORCID連携支援システムを最近リリースしました。これは、本格的な基盤開発に取り組むあいだの暫定的な解決策として、京都大学総合研究大学院大学などの新しいORCIDメンバーに採用されています。
  • まだORCIDメンバーとなっていない機関も、コミュニティに積極的に参画しています。新潟大学では、ORCID導入の目的と、学内の様々なワークフローで活用する利点を明確にするため、3つの部署が力を合わせました。高輝度光科学研究センターは試験的にORCIDのテスト環境を構築し、研究施設の利用申請プロセスにORCID認証を取り入れることにより、利用者情報の効率的な把握と研究成果の自動捕捉を目指しています。
  • いち早く国内の学会誌で投稿プロセスに著者のORCID認証を義務化した日本疫学会からは、無料で提供されるPublic APIの限界と、さらにORCIDの活用を進めるため、メンバー参加の必要性について報告がありました。
  • KAKEN国立情報学研究所提供)やresearchmap科学技術振興機構提供)などの国レベルで提供されるシステムでもORCIDを採用するようになり、日本の研究者が各システムをより簡便に利用しながら国際的な可視性を高めることが期待されています。

今回のミーティングで最も印象的だったオープンディスカッションでは、日本のORCIDコンソーシアム設立に向けた具体的なステップについて、司会の森雅生氏がアイディアを呼びかけました。多くの参加者は積極的にこれに応じ、持続的で共生的なコミュニティの推進に必要なコスト負担の考え方や資金源の確保、人材の配置について提案しました。今回のミーティング、そしてコミュニティ全体からも有志を募り、コミュニティ提案を検討するための運営委員会の発足が計画されています。

私たちORCIDスタッフは、真のコミュニティのパワーの発露を目の当たりにすることがありますが、今回のミーティングがまさにそうでした。日本の合掌造りの葺き替えは、時間と熟練の技を無償で提供する多くの村人たちが長い時間をかけて計画し、必要な資材を集め、共同で作業にあたります。まだ規模は小さいですが、研究機関、助成金団体、学協会、システム提供事業者のすべてが参加する日本の多様なORCIDコミュニティは、幅広い要件を満たさなければならず、その形成には時間がかかります。既存の学術インフラの強みを活かしてORCIDを導入しようとする日本のコミュニティを、ORCIDは今後もサポートしていきます。

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ORCID in Japan: Re-thatching the Roof

Wed, 09 May 2018 - 14:00 UTC

[日本語版:日本のORCID:屋根の葺き替え工事]

It was around this time last year that I reported the University of Tsukuba had joined as the 10th ORCID member in Japan. Japan has since added seven more members, but many organizations are still either trying to make the case for ORCID internally or secure budget and resources needed for to implement ORCID. You may wonder why there is such struggle in the country like Japan, where resources devoted to R&D are relatively high. Below are the top three reasons I hear from Japanese organizations as to why they have not yet joined in the ORCID community.

1. Existing infrastructure

In countries where researcher name disambiguation is imperative, it is more likely that a domestic researcher directory is already in place and often intertwined with the government research funding workflow, publications, and databases provided in their local language, or research information systems at institutions. The more self-contained the existing infrastructure is, the harder it becomes for ORCID because many see our core functions being already in place at the country level.

2. Availability of ORCID-enabled applications

ORCID-enabled systems have helped us rapidly expand our membership globally by lowering the technical barriers for organizations which may not have the resources to develop their own applications. Organizations using a custom-built system, or solutions developed by a local vendor, must expend extra time and costs on top of the ORCID membership fees. Local vendor solutions comply well with the domestic infrastructure, but they are unlikely to engage with ORCID unless enough of their existing customer base demands it.

3. Resources for ORCID adoption

The way ORCID works adds complexity for resource allocations. Technical staff needed for ORCID integrations, budget for the membership fees, and researcher communication and support functions may all come from different departments. They somehow need to work together, with or without clearly defined roles in their job descriptions.


ORCID Japan Member Meeting, April 17, 2018

These challenges are commonly found not only in Japan but also in other non-English speaking countries. The recent ORCID Japan Member Meeting demonstrated how a country can approach these challenges through collaborative efforts.

  • Early adopters such as National Institute for Materials Science and Tokyo Institute of Technology shared the challenges they encountered during the integration process and how they were overcome.
  • Atlas, who in 2013 became the first Japanese system provider ORCID member, has recently launched an interim integration solution for new ORCID members such as Kyoto University and Sokendai to deploy while the members work on more full-scale infrastructure.
  • Organizations that are not yet ORCID members are also participating in the community discussion. At Niigata University, three departments put their minds together to clarify goals and benefits for ORCID adoptions in various internal workflows. Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute is using the ORCID Sandbox to build a pilot workflow to demonstrate how they can effectively identify their research facility users, and how their research products can be automatically retrieved by authenticating ORCID upfront during the application process.
  • Japan Epidemiological Association, the first Japanese society to require authors to provide an ORCID during manuscript submission, reported the limitation of the Public API and the need to become a member to contribute more.
  • National systems such as KAKEN (operated by National Institute of Informatics) and researchmap (operated by Japan Science and Technology Agency) are starting to integrate ORCID as value-add to their services to make it easier for Japanese researchers to easily maintain their records and raise more international visibility

The highlight of the meeting was the open discussion facilitated by Dr. Masao Mori, who urged all participants to share ideas for making tangible steps toward an ORCID consortium in Japan. Many attendees responded actively to his call, sharing views and opinions on the cost model, funding sources, staffing, and community advocacy required for a sustainable, inclusive approach. It is expected that some attendees from this meeting, possibly with others from the community, will soon form a steering committee to work on a community proposal.

For us at ORCID, this is the kind of moment where the true power of the community is revealed. We see parallels with Gassho-style architecture in Japan, where re-thatching roofs requires all villagers to volunteer their time and expertise for the long planning process, gathering materials needed for the re-construction, and finally coming together to implement. Still small in scale, the ORCID community in Japan is diverse -  including research institutes, funders, scholarly societies, and system vendors. It takes time to encompass a wide range of requirements. We look forward to supporting the community as they leverage the current strengths of the Japanese scholarly infrastructure work to integrate ORCID.

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The 2018 ORCID World Tour

Wed, 02 May 2018 - 17:20 UTC

In 2018, ORCID is traveling around the globe - in person and virtually! - to engage with our community.

We kicked off 2018 with our first-ever Consortium Workshop in Lisbon, Portugal, on January 17. This event brought together representatives from ORCID’s many consortia members, including the recently formed Brazilian and Norwegian consortia. We also welcomed participants from Japan, Russia, and Slovakia, where there are nascent discussions about forming national ORCID consortia. Read about key takeaways and learn about the innovative work done by the winners of our inaugural Consortium Awards.

The Consortia Workshop was quickly followed by an Organization ID Stakeholder meeting (January 22) and PIDapalooza (January 23-24), both in Girona, Spain. This second PIDapalooza brought together around 150 PID practitioners from around the world in fast-paced and interactive parallel sessions. Together with keynotes by Jo McEntyre and Melissa Haendel, and a closing plenary by Carly Strasser, everyone left with new ideas and examples of practical applications! Presentations are available in the PIDapalooza repository.

We’ve since held ORCID workshops in Israel (February 13), Belgium (March 13), and Japan (April 17). We would like to thank Tel Aviv University, The Royal Library of Belgium, and the National Institute of Informatics for hosting these events. You may view slides from these meetings on the ORCID repository.

Upcoming Workshops in May and Early June

May is a busy month for ORCID workshops! On May 15, we are hosting a workshop at the University of California - Berkeley. It will bring together institutions from across the scholarly community in California, and highlight how organizations including California Digital Library, Crossref, DataCite, Hypothes.is, and PLOS are using ORCID.

A week later, we celebrate the Brazilian Consortium launch in Brasilia, Brazil.  Hosted by CAPES, the event will focus on building open science infrastructure and plans for integrating ORCID into workflows of funding agencies, publishers, and universities.

On May 24, we are co-hosting a workshop with the Universität für Bodenkultur Wien in Vienna, Austria, to bring the research community together to discuss building a national approach to open science infrastructure.

Our Nordics Workshop will take place on May 29 at CSC - IT Center for Science in Espoo, Finland.  Our members from across the region will be presenting their ORCID integrations and plans, and discussing the development of communities of practice.

Rounding out the month is a breakfast meeting at SSP in Chicago on May 31. Please contact us if you’re interested in attending. We start June with an ORBIT Community Forum at INORMS in Edinburgh on June 7.

Registration for all these events is now open. We invite you to attend!  

Membership Webinars

If you can’t join us in person at one of our upcoming events, we encourage you to join one of our webinars! Throughout the year, the ORCID membership team hosts webinars to demonstrate how your organization can benefit by integrating ORCID in your research information systems and workflows.  These webinars highlight use cases and provide you the opportunity to hear from ORCID members about their experiences implementing ORCID.

We warmly invite you and your colleagues to attend and learn from others in the ORCID community! You may view the upcoming webinar topics, dates, and times, on our events page. Come back often to see the latest schedule.

We look forward to seeing you at an ORCID event in 2018 - in person or virtually!

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