Dieser Beitrag wurde von Paloma Marin Arraiza und Christian Gumpenberger verfasst.
Österreich hat einen großen Schritt nach vorne gemacht, um ORCID auf nationaler Ebene einzuführen. Die offizielle ORCID Austria Auftaktveranstaltung fand am 13. Juni in Wien statt. Ko-organisiert von den Konsortiallead Organisationen TU Wien und Universität Wien und unterstützt durch ORCID und E-Infrastructures Austria Plus, war dies bereits der dritte ORCID-Workshop auf österreichischem Boden, wenngleich der erste mit einem bestehenden nationalen Konsortium. An der Auftaktveranstaltung nahmen 35 Personen aus 24 Institutionen teil und diskutierten die Vorteile und Herausforderungen einer Integration von ORCID.
Dank der Beteiligung von Paul Vierkant (Helmholtz-Zentrum Potsdam), Gabriela Mejias (ORCID) und Pauline Crépel (MyScienceWork) konnte die Diskussion über die Grenzen und Systeme Österreichs hinaus fortgesetzt werden. Als Vertreter des deutschen Konsortiums gab Paul Vierkant einen Einblick in ORCID-DE als DFG-gefördertes Projekt und Konsortium. Das ORCID-DE-Projekt hat die Zusammenarbeit zwischen der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek, dem Helmholtz-Zentrum Potsdam und der Universität Bielefeld erheblich gefördert. Diese Institutionen haben sich zum Zweck einer Kooperation an der Gemeinsamen Norm Datei (GND) und Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE) zusammengeschlossen
Eine weitere lesson learned des deutschen Konsortiums ist, dass seine Mitglieder bisher durchschnittlich ein Jahr gebraucht haben, um ihre ORCID-Implementierung vom Bekunden des Interesses an einer Mitgliedschaft bis hin zum Beginn der Integration erfolgreich abzuschließen. Gabriela Mejias konzentrierte sich auf die Verwendung der ORCID-API, während Pauline Crépel die Bedeutung der Schaffung benutzerfreundlicher Systeme betonte, die sicherstellen, dass die Benutzer ihre ORCID-Einträge auf intuitive Weise mit dem integrierenden System verbinden können.
Während der Diskussionsrunde brachten die PodiumsteilnehmerInnen ihre persönlichen Ansichten und Erfahrungen mit der Integration von ORCID und der Verwendung von ORCID bei Finanzierungsanträgen ein (der Wissenschaftsfonds (FWF) ist einer der 11 Unterzeichner des ORCID Funders Open Letter).
Sie diskutierten ORCID im Zusammenhang mit den geltenden österreichischen Rechtsvorschriften über personenbezogene Daten an Universitäten und Forschungseinrichtungen (einschließlich Datenschutz) und behandelten auch Themen wie technische Schwierigkeiten oder Mangel an technischem Personal bei der Implementierung sowie Anforderungen an in Österreich verwendete Informationssysteme (z.B. OJS, PURE, Researchfish).
Die Konsortialmitglieder wurden gebeten, Feedback darüber zu geben, welche Systeme potenzielle Kandidaten für zukünftige ORCID-Integrationen in Österreich darstellen. Diese Information ist wichtig, damit die Konsortiallead Organisationen auf die Erfahrungen der globalen ORCID-Community zugreifen können, wenn die Konsortialmitglieder ORCID in diesen Systemen implementieren.
ORCID Austria: Was kommt als nächstes?
Nach dem offiziellen Start von ORCID Austria haben die TU Wien Bibliothek und die Universitätsbibliothek Wien die Gemeinsame Grundsatzerklärung veröffentlicht, die das Governanceund Mitgliedermodell des Konsortiums sowie die Vorteile und Möglichkeiten der institutionellen Umsetzung von ORCID enthält. Ihre Strategie konzentriert sich auf die Erreichung der folgenden Ziele bis Dezember 2021:
1. Doppelt so viele Forschende in Österreich sollen eine ORCID iD haben als zum Zeitpunkt der Gründung des Konsortiums,
2. die ORCID iDs sollen mit den Forschungsergebnissen der letzten (mindestens) 10 Jahre verlinkt werden,
3. Ministerien und Forschungsförderer sollen ORCID-Daten, soweit möglich, für die Berichterstattung und Bewertung der institutionellen Forschungsleistung nutzen.
Der Launch der ORCID Austria Website - eine Plattform mit Informationen, häufig gestellten Fragen (FAQ) und regelmäßigen Nachrichten und Updates über ORCID (sowohl in Österreich als auch international) für Konsortialmitglieder und alle Interessierten - wird in Kürze folgen. Im Dezember werden die Konsortialleads auch ein Webinar mit offener Beteiligung veranstalten, um das erste Jahr des Konsortiums zu kommentieren und einige Anwendungsfälle hervorzuheben.Blog
Austria has taken a major step to adopt ORCID on a national scale. The official ORCID Austria launch event took place in Vienna on June 13. Co-hosted by consortium lead organizations TU Wien and the University of Vienna, supported by ORCID and E-Infrastructures Austria Plus, this was the third ORCID workshop in Austria, but the very first with a national consortium in place. The launch event was attended by 35 participants from 24 institutions. They discussed the benefits and challenges of integrating ORCID.
Thanks to the participation of Paul Vierkant (Helmholtz Centre Potsdam), Gabriela Mejias (ORCID), and Pauline Crépel (MyScienceWork), the discussion was extended beyond Austrian borders and systems. Representing the German Consortium, Paul Vierkant gave an insight into ORCID-DE as both a national-funded project and a consortium. The ORCID-DE project has fostered collaboration between the German National Library, the Helmholtz Centre Potsdam, and the University of Bielefeld, which have joined forces to work on the Integrated Authority File (Gemeinsame Norm Datei – GND) and the Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE). Another lesson learned from the German consortium is that, to date their members have taken about a year to complete their ORCID implementation, from the expression of interest in membership until the integration launch. Gabriela Mejias focused on the use of the ORCID API, while Pauline Crépel stressed the importance of creating user-friendly systems -- ensuring that users can connect their ORCID records with the integrating system in an intuitive way.
During a roundtable discussion, the panelists contributed their personal views and experience with integrating ORCID, and the use of ORCID in funding applications (the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) is one of the 11 ORCID Funders Open Letter signatories). They discussed ORCID in relation to current Austrian legislation on personal data within universities and research institutions, including data privacy, technical difficulties or lack of technical staff, and requirements for information systems used in Austria (for instance, OJS, PURE, Researchfish). Consortium members were asked to provide feedback on which systems are potential candidates for future ORCID integrations in Austria, so that the consortium leads can leverage the global ORCID community as consortium members implement ORCID in these systems.n.
ORCID Austria: What’s next?
Following the official launch of ORCID Austria, TU Wien Bibliothek and the Vienna University Library have published the Joint Statement of Principles that includes the consortium’s governance and membership model, as well as the advantages and opportunities of ORCID institutional implementation. Their strategy focuses on achieving the following goals by December 2021:
1. Double the number of researchers in Austria that have an ORCID iD, compared with the estimated number of iDs at the time the consortium was established
2. All Austrian researchers’ ORCID iDs should be connected with their research outputs from at least the last 10 years
3. Austrian ministries and funders, as far as possible, should use ORCID data to evaluate and report on institutional research performance
The launch of the consortium website -- a platform with information, frequently asked questions, and regular news and updates about ORCID (both in Austria and internationally) for consortium members and beyond will follow shortly and, in December, the consortium leads will also host an open participation webinar to comment on the first year of the consortium and highlight some implementation use cases.Blog
Founder and CEO of Rescognito, Inc.
In comments made during 2018 Council of Science Editors plenary address Alison Mudditt, the then recently appointed CEO of PLOS, observed that “research is not article shaped”. In other words, research outputs now encompass far more than can be effectively encapsulated in the seventeenth-century construct of a research paper.
With almost $2trillion dollars invested globally in research each year1, let’s just say that research funders and academic institutions are increasingly curious about outputs such as data, software, algorithms, protocols, mentoring, public impact, etc.
At the other end of the research ecosystem, researchers (especially early career researchers) are frustrated that their many contributions to research output are overlooked by traditional measures of impact. As noted by Stephen Curry, at Imperial College London, “Researchers deserve to be judged on the basis of what they have done, not simply where they have published — and to be given credit for the many contributions they make above and beyond the publication of research papers.”2
In light of these needs, we founded Rescognito with the idea that research credit and recognition should be:
· Open (free for individual researchers)
· Transparent (direct recognition, not via opaque measures of impact)
· Democratic (anyone with an ORCID iD can participate)
· Granular (a broad range of research outputs recognizable)
· Attributable (tied to an authenticated ORCID iD or institution)
· Standards-based (ORCID, DOI, ROR, and CRediT)
For these reasons, ORCID was a natural partner for building a new platform designed to integrate with the existing ecosystem. The objective of Rescognito is not to “disrupt” or to “dis-intermediate”, but to work with existing scholarly societies and other participants, keeping them at the heart of research evaluation and reputation management. Rescognito does not store content, it is not a social network nor workflow system; it is just a thin layer exclusively focused on recognition of a wide variety of research contributions.
Using our platform, recognition is attributed using a counter called a “COG” (short for ReCOGnition) and the ORCID iD of the person granting the recognition. By themselves COG totals are a relatively superficial metric; but because they are open, transparent and attributable, we anticipate that layers of analytics, visualization and possibly AI will provide valuable insights into research trends and people.
We use the CRediT3 taxonomy, supplemented with a continuously-evolving list of home-grown recognition reasons (feedback welcome!) useful for recognizing non-article-based contributions and non-science works in the humanities and arts:
Thanks to ORCID our system can reliably identify research professionals (for example, the afore-mentioned Stephen Curry along with his works: https://rescognito.com/0000-0002-0552-8870):
ORCID integration ensures that the recognizing person is also transparently and reliably identified (for example, https://rescognito.com/0000-0002-7563-0125):
Rescognito also allows self-recognition as a way to claim/assign CRediT for a previously published work (for example, https://rescognito.com/0000-0002-0673-1360):
Our upcoming launch in September of 2019 will include Institutional Recognition meaning that organizations will be able to recognize research behaviors and outputs that they want to encourage and reward.
Also in upcoming in September is article-based-recognition that will allow multiple contributors (provided they have an ORCID iD in the metadata) to be recognized for multiple CRediT contributions in one action.
If you would like more information, please contact us (link to https://rescognito.com/contact.php).
In summary, will recognition make any difference? I can’t say it better than Alex Holcombe in his recent Nature article:
“Will making less-acknowledged roles more visible really change things? It will. Research institutes recruiting for positions such as programmers, statisticians and project managers will have better information for hiring. Applicants for grants will find it easier to show funders that they have the right skills. The allocation of scientific resources will shift to more effective combinations of researchers.”4Blog
Our first year
The Israeli ORCID consortium was officially established in July 2018 a few months after the first ORCID workshop in the country, following the decision to build a national research database and portal. The consortium is led by the Inter-University Computation Center (IUCC) and includes eight of the nine Universities in Israel. We expect the Open University of Israel to join as a member soon.
Our consortium goals are to raise awareness about ORCID among the research community in Israel, and promote ORCID integration with Israeli academic journals and grant applications for Israeli research funds. Our current efforts are focused on ORCID implementation in national databases, such as:
- National name authority file (Maintained by the National Library of Israel)
- Academic library catalogues
- Indexes of academic Israeli publications in Arabic and Hebrew
Our first year of operation has been very productive in terms of bringing the community together to work on ORCID implementation. In March, we hosted the second ORCID workshop in the country -- our first as an established consortium. It was a great opportunity for members to share their progress to date, discuss challenges, and examine the national research network plan. Currently six members have completed an ORCID integration and the other two are in the development stage. As required for our national research network plans, all integrations collect authenticated iDs and push affiliation data and keywords.
More recently, I attended the ORCID Consortia Workshop to present two regional integrations and a poster about our consortium multilingual challenges. The ORCID Israeli consortium was recognized there with an award “For Excellence in Fostering ORCID integrations”.
National CRIS plan and next steps
The Israeli national research database and portal will be based on independent installations of CRIS (Current Research Information System) in each of the universities, plus an aggregated environment for showcasing and benchmarking overall research resources and outputs in Israel.
The main challenge faced when designing the national research environment, was that CRIS systems usually harvest works from databases that prioritize STEM researchers publishing in English. Humanities research outputs (e.g. conference proceedings, books, theses and dissertations, etc.) and works in Hebrew and Arabic are often missing from their automated harvesting. For that reason, the ability to assign all kind of works to the correct researcher, institution, organizational unit, and hierarchy, and to capture publications both in Hebrew and Arabic were among our central requirements for a national CRIS provider.
ORCID is an essential part of our national CRIS infrastructure as it allows us to synchronize data from different systems and thus overcome those challenges. So, when selecting a CRIS provider, we had the following requirements:
- Use ORCID to identify and connect affiliation, works and funding data with researchers
- Integrate the ORCID API for authentication, and as an identification key in the database and when communicating with other systems
- Enable synchronization: continuously read, write, and update information from/to ORCID records
For the first phase of this project, all consortium members have to integrate ORCID and their HR systems to collect read/write permissions from researchers and to assert employment data (and sometimes keywords) to records. As part of this process, ORCID iDs will be stored in each institutional HR system, along with other personal details and identifiers. The use of HR systems for this was recommended because they have several advantages: they are designed to store personal information, providing both security and privacy; and they are already integrated with many other institutional systems (Research, Library, CMS, etc.). HR systems will be one of the sources for the national CRIS.
After analyzing the bid proposals received, we’ll announce the selected CRIS provider, probably in September, and start the next phase of the project. The next goal for member integrations is to read and write works data from ORCID records (using the CRIS), and to read keywords that describe fields of expertise.
Look for more news on our progress and other consortium updates soon!Blog
Are you interested in learning about how we host the ORCID Registry and APIs? Would like to know how we deal with high availability, scalability, and recovery in the event of a disaster? If so, then this post is for you!
We handle eight million page views each month on the ORCID Registry, but the bulk of our traffic is on the APIs, which currently receive over 100 million hits per month. One of our core strategies is to invest in developing a robust information infrastructure, so we need to be confident that the technology we use to support this usage is reliable and secure.
The Registry and the rest of the website on orcid.org are routed through a Content Delivery Network (CDN) -- a cloud service provider that has 150+ datacenters around the world. When your browser connects to orcid.org, the static parts of the site are served from a local datacenter near you, to enable faster load times.
The CDN has some other useful features, such as protection against distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks, and real-time security scanning against hacking threats.
The Registry pages are hosted at our main datacenter, where traffic is load-balanced across a cluster of app servers, while the Registry data are stored in a cluster of three powerful database servers, on encrypted file systems. One is a master database, where updates are made and two are replica servers, which receive a copy of the data in real time. The replica servers are used for most of the “read” operations of the Registry and APIs, but are also hot standby servers meaning they can be promoted to be the master in the event of a failure.
We have an assortment of other servers supporting the production system, which shuffle data around to build search indexes, keep an up to date dump of public data in a different data center, and run scheduled tasks such as email reminders.
We automatically backup the database twice daily, encrypt the dump, and push it to another cloud service provider on a different continent so that, in the event of a disaster at our main datacenter, we can use the database backup to restore the system. We regularly test that this process is working using a temporary offline server.
This is a solid base. However, ORCiD keeps growing and we are increasingly relied upon as part of the research information infrastructure. So we need to do more to ensure the community can continue to depend on us.
What would we like to improve?
We’d like to have app servers and database replicas in multiple locations, so that we don’t have to rely on the somewhat lengthy database restore process, or lose data since the last backup. We’d like to be able to provision new servers in a matter of minutes, rather than hours, in case of sudden increase in demand.
We are considering separating the most critical parts of the system such as registration, sign in, and authorization to an isolated system, and would also like to ensure that public API traffic problems do not impact the Registry and Member APIs.
Let us know what you think about our plans! How do we compare with your own organization and other services you rely on? Is there more we could or should be doing? Do you have any advice for us based on your own experience? Contact us with your input and feedback!Blog